Costs of Climate Change Adaptation Expected to Rise Far Beyond Africa’s Coping Capacity Even if Warming Kept Below 2°C / Ambitious Cuts in Global Emissions, Increased and Innovative Adaptation Financing Needed to Spare Continent Worst Climate Change Impacts, Finds UNEP Report


CAIRO, Egypt, March 4, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Africa, the continent with warming deviating most rapidly from “normal” conditions, could see climate change adaptation costs rise to US$50 billion per year by 2050, even assuming international efforts keep global warming below 2°C this century, according to a new United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report.


Released at the 15th African Ministerial Conference on the Environment (AMCEN), Africa’s Adaptation Gap builds on UNEP’s Emissions Gap Report 2014, which showed that the world is not currently headed in the right direction for holding global warming below 2°C. This latest Africa Adaptation Gap report also builds on UNEP’s Global Adaptation Gap Report 2014, which found that adaptation costs in all developing countries together could climb as high as US$250-500 billion per year by 2050.


Produced in collaboration with Climate Analytics and the African Climate Finance Hub, the report says deep global emissions reductions are the best way to head off Africa’s crippling adaptation costs. It also finds that the continent’s domestic resources are insufficient to respond to projected impacts, but would be important to complement international funding for African countries—including meeting the Cancun climate finance commitments by 2020.


“The accelerating rate of climate change poses great adaptation challenges, of which we have been well forewarned,” said UN Under-Secretary-General and UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner. “The best insurance against the many potential negative impacts of climate change is ambitious global mitigation action in the long-run, combined with large-scale and rapidly increasing funding for adaptation. Investing in resilience and adaptation as an integral part of national development planning can develop resilience to future climate change impacts.”


Africa’s looming climate crisis


Africa is the continent where a rapidly changing climate is expected to deviate earlier than across any other continent from “normal” changes, making adaptation a matter of urgency, the report says.


Warming projections under medium scenarios indicate that extensive areas of Africa will exceed 2°C by the last two decades of this century relative to the late 20th century mean annual temperature. Under a high warming pathway, temperatures could exceed 2°C by mid-century across much of Africa and reach between 3°C and 6°C by the end of the century. This would have a severe impact on agricultural production, food security, human health and water availability.


In a 4˚C world, projections for Africa suggest sea levels could rise faster than the global average and reach 80cm above current levels by 2100 along the Indian and Atlantic Ocean coastlines, with particularly high numbers of people at risk to flooding in the coastal cities of Mozambique, Tanzania, Cameroon, Egypt, Senegal and Morocco.


“This is not just a question of money; millions of people and their livelihoods are at stake,” said Binilith Mahenge, President of AMCEN and Tanzania’s Minister of State for Environment. “Africa’s population will be at an increasing risk of undernourishment due to increasing food demand and the detrimental effects of climate change on agriculture on the continent. Global warming of 2˚C would put over 50 per cent of the African continent’s population at risk of undernourishment. Yet, the IPCC showed that without additional mitigation we are heading to 4˚C of warming.”


“Rising to the challenge and addressing the systemic harm that climate change may cause in Africa, thus undermining the post-2015 sustainable development agenda, warrants leaving no stone unturned in exploring opportunities for supporting adaptation actions and measures in Africa,” he added.


Closing the funding gap


The report explores the extent to which African nations can contribute to closing the adaptation gap—especially in the area of identifying the resources that will be needed.


The evidence suggests that African countries—such as Ghana, Ethiopia and South Africa—are already committing some resources of their own to adaptation efforts. Country-case studies in the report suggest that by 2029/2030, under moderately optimistic growth scenarios, Ghana could for example – based on hypothetical scenarios – commit US$233 million to adaptation financing, Ethiopia US$248 million, South Africa US$961 million and Togo US$18.2 million. However, international funding will be required to bridge the growing adaptation gap even if African nations commit to ways to increase domestic sources. Current levels of international finance, through bilateral and multilateral sources, are not sufficient.


“Because of the magnitude of the challenge, further examination of the potential and the feasibility of mobilizing untapped international, regional and domestic sources should be explored further,” said Mr Steiner.


Scaling up international climate finance under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) may lead to sufficient funding for adaptation, but even in that case, implementation can only reach its full potential if complemented by comprehensive and effective national and regional policy planning, capacity-building and governance.


The promotion of an effective enabling framework for private sector participation in adaptation activities would also be a key contributor to closing the funding gap, the report finds.



United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

Posted by: africanpressorganization | 4 March 2015

Mozambique – Assassinat de M. Gilles Cistac (3 mars 2015)


Mozambique – Assassinat de M. Gilles Cistac (3 mars 2015)


PARIS, France, 4 mars 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ Quai d’Orsay – Déclarations du porte-parole – 4 mars 2015


La France condamne l’assassinat le 3 mars à Maputo de notre compatriote Gilles Cistac, professeur de droit à l’université de Maputo, double national engagé dans le débat démocratique mozambicain.


Ce crime odieux est une atteinte à la liberté d’expression et d’opinion. Nous sommes en contact étroit avec les autorités mozambicaines auxquelles nous avons demandé que tout soit fait pour que les auteurs de cet assassinat répondent de leurs actes.


La France présente ses condoléances à la famille de M. Cistac.



France – Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Kenya, Zambia, Uganda and Rwanda Ministries gather to address power sector and shape regional infrastructure planning

Ministers and senior representatives from four East African countries have recently pledged their support in solving East Africa’s crippling power deficit

NAIROBI, Kenya, March 4, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ Ministers and senior representatives from four East African countries have recently pledged their support in solving East Africa’s crippling power deficit.

Hon. Joseph Njoroge, Principal Secretary, Ministry of Energy, Kenya, H.E. Hon Christopher Yaluma, Minister of Energy and Minerals, Zambia, H.E. Hon Minister James Musoni, Minister of Infrastructure, Rwanda and Maria Kiwanuka, Senior Advisor to H.E. The President and The President’s Office in Charge of Finance, Uganda will be joined by private power sector decision makers at the Powering East Africa meeting from 25-27th March in Nairobi ( to highlight the urgency of the region’s transmission crisis.



Key speakers from the World Bank, African Development Bank (AfDB), IFC, Barclays, Symbion Power, KenGen, KPLC, UMEME and EEP will address game-changing actions for the power sector including; the critical role transmission must play in East Africa’s industrialisation, the role of power utilities, how best to overcome financing obstacles and how the cost of regional borrowing can be lessened by unlocking the transmission deadlock.

EnergyNet’s Programme Manager Ms Veronica Bolton-Smith said of the recent Ministerial confirmations; “When you consider that Powering East Africa is a targeted meeting for a small number of participants, the presence of four of the most powerful people in the region’s energy sector highlights the need for such focused talks.”

To view the full speaker list for this meeting and latest programme, please visit, or join the debate on Twitter @EnergyNet_Ltd  #poweringeastafrica

Distributed by APO (African Press Organization) on behalf of EnergyNet Ltd.

For more information about how to attend this meeting:

Meeting dates: 25-27th March 2015

Venue: Windsor Golf Hotel & Country Club, Nairobi

Contact: Amy Offord, Marketing Manager

Tel: +44 (0)20 7384 8068




EnergyNet Ltd.


Shelter an urgent priority as Red Cross scales up response efforts for flood-affected in Malawi


LILONGWE, Malawi, March 4, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Following two months of constant rains, and with further rains forecast, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is ramping up its efforts to assist more than 46,000 people affected by the worst flooding Malawi has experienced in years.


“The situation is precarious,” said Michael Charles, IFRC’s acting regional representative in southern Africa. “In some camps, family tents that were designed to accommodate six people have been housing 30 individuals. In the larger tents, designed to accommodate between 20 and 30 adults, up to 100 people have crammed inside. Everyone is desperate to find shelter, even if it means living virtually on top of their neighbours.”


From the onset of the flooding, the Malawi Red Cross Society has been assisting in response efforts, conducting search and rescue and distributing emergency supplies to thousands of people. With the scope of the disaster becoming more clear, IFRC has revised its emergency appeal upwards and is now requesting 4 million Swiss francs in emergency funding to support activities related to the provision of shelter, health care, access to clean water and proper sanitation, and reuniting families separated by the flooding.


“When the flooding began in January, the scale of the emergency was still unclear,” said Charles. “Together with the government and other partners, we conducted assessments and now know that at least 230,000 people have lost their homes and are struggling to survive. It is vital that we scale up our activities if we are to safeguard the lives of these vulnerable people and ensure that they survive this flood and future environmental extremes.”


With further heavy rains expected to fall in already saturated parts of Malawi over the coming week, the situation could become worse as more people seek shelter in the temporary camps that have been established along the periphery of the flood waters.


In addition to providing for the immediate needs of 46,712 people, the revised appeal seeks to address the resilience and longer-term development of affected communities. The appeal will be sufficient to help 100 families build more resilient permanent houses as a pilot project for further flood-resistant housing. To date, the appeal is 29 per cent funded.


“Building flood resistant shelter is a key component of the revised appeal,” said Naemi Heita, IFRC regional disaster risk management coordinator. “Malawi experiences flooding every year, and we want to ensure that people are better prepared for future flooding. We also want to minimize the impact the flooding has had on their livelihoods.”


Up to 638,000 people lost their crops during the floods, leaving them unable to feed themselves or their families. To help compensate for this loss, and improve food security and nutrition in affected areas, the Red Cross is distributing root cuttings and seeds of basic food crops, such as cassava and sweet potato, to all households with access to land.


The longer-term impact of the floods on families and communities is also being addressed through the Red Cross Restoring Family Links programme, implemented with support of the International Committee of the Red Cross, which traces missing people and helps reunite children with their parents.


Through the original emergency appeal launched in January, the Red Cross has been providing additional temporary housing to affected people. Volunteers with the Malawi Red Cross Society, many of whom had been left homeless themselves by the flooding, have also been distributing emergency supplies, reaching 15,000 people with life-saving items such as tarpaulins, shelter kits, blankets, jerry cans, safe water, and mosquito nets.



International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)

Islamic Finance: ICD wins multiple accolades at the industry-leading IFN Deals of the Year 2014 Awards

The multilateral agency contributed to both the ‘Africa Deal of the Year’ and ‘Cross-border Deal of the Year’

DUBAI, UAE, March 4, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ The Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector (ICD) ( is delighted to announce the achievement of two awards at the industry-leading Islamic Finance news Deal of the Year Awards for 2014. The multilateral agency contributed to both the ‘Africa Deal of the Year’ for its role in the CFA100 billion inaugural sovereign Sukuk from the Republic of Senegal in July; and ‘Cross-border Deal of the Year’ for its landmark US$100 million commodity Murabahah transaction with Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ in September.


Photo 1:
(Cross Boarder Award)

Photo 2:
(Sukuk Deal)

The Senegal transaction, completed on the 18th July 2014 and led by Citi and the ICD as joint lead managers and brokers, represented the first sovereign Sukuk from the republic and was unique in its complex structure via the nation’s securitization regime, which is the only regulation allowing for SPV-issued notes. Despite the significant challenges including a lack of regulation, low awareness among investors and a low appetite for CFA-denominated paper, the transaction was highly successful and proved marketable among both regional and international investors: with strong oversubscription.

In September of 2014, the ICD signed its first ever cash-raising deal with a non-Islamic financial institution: a US$100 million commodity Murabahah with BTMU, Japan’s largest lender. With the proceeds of the deal to be deployed by ICD to finance its development projects in member countries, the transaction was a landmark cross-border deal marking its firm commitment to developing international relationship and encouraging participation in both member and non-member countries. The deal also marked the first financing from BTMU with a multilateral institution, and was groundbreaking across the markets of both institutions.

Taken together, the two awards demonstrate recognition of the valuable role played by ICD in the development of private sector participation in the Islamic capital markets. The dual awards ceremonies, to be held in March in both Dubai and KL, attract the cream of the Islamic finance elite and are generally recognized as one of the biggest events of the Islamic calendar.

Commenting on the achievement, Mr. Mr Khaled Al-Aboodi, CEO of the ICD, noted that: “The IFN Awards represent some of the highest honors the industry has to offer. As a repeated winner, the ICD is pleased and proud to maintain its pioneering status and high standards, and delighted that the industry continues to recognize our achievements in driving forward international, emerging market and cross-border capital market participation.”

Distributed by APO (African Press Organization) on behalf of The Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector (ICD).

For further information please contact:

Nabil Al-Alami

Head, Marketing

Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector



About REDmoney

REDmoney is a financial based media company with a specific focus on the global Islamic finance industry. With three pillars across Events, Publishing and Training, the firm publishes the flagship Islamic Finance news – a weekly online capital markets journal and the biggest news provider in the Islamic finance industry. Selected by an expert and independent advisory board, the IFN Awards represent the elite of the Islamic finance industry. Now in their 8th year, they recognize the leading deals of the previous 12 months across the Islamic capital markets in terms of size, innovation and industry encouragement.

About the Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector (ICD)

The Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector (ICD) ( is a multilateral organization, part of the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) Group. ICD was established in November 1999 to promote economic development of its member countries in accordance with the principles of the Sharia through private sector development. ICD encourages the establishment, expansion and modernization of private enterprises through financing private sector enterprises or projects. Projects are selected on the basis of their contribution to economic development considering factors such as creation of employment opportunities and contribution to exports. ICD also provides advice to governments and private sector groups on policies to encourage the establishment, expansion and modernization of private enterprises, development of capital markets, best management practices and enhance the role of market economy. ICD operations complement the activities of the IDB.


Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector (ICD)


AfrAsia Bank’s Private Banking strength affirmed by Seven Euromoney accolades, including ‘Best Private Bank in Mauritius 2015′

AfrAsia Bank has recorded an expansion in its Private Banking individual client base by 58%

PORT-LOUIS, Mauritius, March 4, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ The 2015 Euromoney Private Banking Survey has awarded AfrAsia Bank ( several accolades for private banking services, the most prominent being ‘Best Private Bank in Mauritius 2015′. The award ceremony and gala dinner were held on Thursday 12th February at Plaisterers’ Hall (London) and attended by Garry Sharp, Head of Private Equity and London Representative Office of AfrAsia Bank.


Photo 1:
(Garry Sharp picture with Euromoney representatives)

Photo 2:
(James Benoit, CEO)

Photo 3:
(AfrAsia Bank)

The Bank has been also been honoured in additional categories by the 2015 Euromoney Private Banking Survey. These include:

•          Best Private Bank for High Net Worth clients

•          Best Private Bank for Super Affluent clients

•          Best Private Bank for Asset Management in Mauritius

•          Best Private Bank for Investment Banking Capabilities in Mauritius

•          Best Private Bank for Research and Asset Allocation Advice in Mauritius

•          Best Private Bank for Succession Planning Advice and Trusts in Mauritius

Carried out annually, the Euromoney survey is primarily based on a peer ranking methodology with a section dedicated to market feedbacks. Listed on the London Stock Exchange, the magazine is cited as one of the leading benchmarks in the global wealth management industry.

“It is extremely gratifying to be recognised by our peers across such a breadth of categories particularly receiving this acknowledgement of the strength of our Private Banking offering in Mauritius. These awards are recognitions of our continued excellence in wealth management and our global capabilities to provide unparalleled financial solutions to our customers. We wish to thank our clients for their trust in our bank as well as the can-do attitude of our employees,” said James Benoit, CEO of AfrAsia Bank.

AfrAsia Bank’s Private Banking business has been honoured in the industry in various categories for an unprecedented fifth consecutive year by Euromoney. The Bank continues to recognise the need for an active advisory technique in investment and aims at exceeding clients’ expectations and meet their needs with tailored investment solutions through a timely process in all transparency.

AfrAsia Bank won its first Euromoney award in 2011, and subsequently in 2012, 2013 and 2014. It is the first time AfrAsia Bank has won seven awards at the same edition of the Euromoney Private Banking Survey – which brings its record to a total of 13 awards since 2011.

“Winning these awards on a global stage serves as recognition of AfrAsia Bank’s unflinching commitment to create value for its niche market and differentiate itself through innovative banking solutions. These accolades cement our position as a preferred provider of holistic wealth management solutions to high net worth (HNW) clients,” commented Thierry Vallet, General Manager of AfrAsia Bank.

AfrAsia Bank continues to provide innovative investment solutions in line with the market conjuncture through its asset management arm, AfrAsia Capital Management (ACM), where the Bank has also been awarded by Euromoney for its outstanding performance.

“Asset management has always been a fundamental component of AfrAsia Bank’s Private Banking and Wealth Management offering.  We are continuously leveraging this synergy to deliver innovative investment solutions and tailor-made customer-oriented services,” commented Swadicq Nuthay, Chief Executive of AfrAsia Capital Management Limited.

AfrAsia Bank has recorded an expansion in its Private Banking individual client base by 58%, with deposits increasing by 50% over the past Financial Year. In line with tailoring the most rewarding experiences for clients, the Bank aims at further differentiating itself through unique products with priceless privileges, including its World MasterCard credit card and pioneering rewards program, XtraMiles.

The Bank has recently been awarded by World Finance Magazine as ‘Best Wealth Management Provider in Mauritius 2014′. After 7 years of success story, AfrAsia Bank continues to invest in its delivery capabilities and its people to better serve customers focusing on the four core business lines: Corporate and Investment Banking, Private Banking and Wealth Management, International Banking Solutions and Treasury, to position the Bank as a Private Banking specialist offering innovative solutions to clients both locally and internationally.

Distributed by APO (African Press Organization) on behalf of AfrAsia Bank Limited.

For more information, please call:

Suneeta Motala

Head Marketing and Public Relations

AfrAsia Bank Limited

Tel: 403 5500 / 5 256 7545


About AfrAsia Bank Limited


Strategically based in Mauritius and with representation in key markets, AfrAsia Bank Limited ( serves the Africa-Asia trade corridor, combining its strengths and expertise in four core divisions:

•          Private Banking and Wealth Management

•          Corporate and Investment Banking

•          Global Business

•          Treasury

Since inception, the Bank has expanded through a combination of substantial organic growth and a series of strategic acquisitions, with core activities in Mauritius, South Africa, United Kingdom and Zimbabwe.

AfrAsia Bank’s core banking and transactional capabilities are in Mauritius along with representative offices in Cape Town, Johannesburg and London, its asset management arm, AfrAsia Capital Management Limited and its investment banking arm, AfrAsia Corporate Finance (Pty) Ltd.


AfrAsia Bank Limited

Posted by: africanpressorganization | 4 March 2015

Message — Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Zimbabwe


Message — Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Zimbabwe


WASHINGTON, March 4, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — TO THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES:


Section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)) provides for the automatic termination of a national emergency unless, within 90 days prior to the anniversary date of its declaration, the President publishes in the Federal Register and transmits to the Congress a notice stating that the emergency is to continue in effect beyond the anniversary date. In accordance with this provision, I have sent to the Federal Register for publication the enclosed notice stating that the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13288 of March 6, 2003, with respect to the actions and policies of certain members of the Government of Zimbabwe and other persons to undermine Zimbabwe’s democratic processes or institutions is to continue in effect beyond March 6, 2015.


The threat constituted by the actions and policies of certain members of the Government of Zimbabwe and other persons to undermine Zimbabwe’s democratic processes or institutions has not been resolved. These actions and policies continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the foreign policy of the United States. For these reasons, I have determined that it is necessary to continue this national emergency and to maintain in force the sanctions to respond to this threat.





The White House


Statement attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General on the South Sudan Peace Process


NEW YORK, March 4, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — As the 5 March deadline set by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) mediation for the conclusion of the South Sudan negotiations approaches, the Secretary-General strongly urges President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar to show leadership, put the well being of South Sudanese ahead of all other interests, and make the necessary compromises to conclude a power sharing agreement that paves the way for a comprehensive settlement of the conflict in South Sudan.

The Secretary-General takes note of the unanimous passage of Resolution 2206 (2015) by the Security Council this morning, establishing a sanctions regime on South Sudan. He reminds both parties that the best way to avoid the enactment of actual sanctions by the Security Council, is to strictly adhere to the Cessation of Hostilities agreement of 23 January 2014, fully comply with International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, extend their full cooperation to United Nations and humanitarian personnel in the discharge of their mandates and duties, and conclude a Comprehensive Peace Agreement that places South Sudan back on the path to stability and prosperity.

He commends and supports the efforts of the region to facilitate a conclusion of the negotiation process.



United Nations – Office of the Spokesperson of the Secretary-General

Central Africa urged to improve its macroeconomic convergence

The call was made at the close of an ad hoc expert group meeting organised by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) in collaboration with the Government of the Republic of Congo

BRAZZAVILLE, Republic of the Congo, March 4, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ Central African countries have been once again admonished to increase their efforts at achieving the kind of regional integration that will foster sustainable growth in all the economies of the sub-region, especially in terms of monitoring the benchmarks of macroeconomic convergence they have set for themselves. The call was made this Tuesday in Brazzaville, at the close of an ad hoc expert group meeting on the progress and prospects of macroeconomic convergence in the sub-region, organised by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) ( in collaboration with the Government of the Republic of Congo.


Photo 1:

Photo 2:

Photo 3:

The brainstorming session that brought together some sixty experts for two days, was dedicated to the review of the progress made by CEMAC States on four select criteria of macroeconomic convergence and on lessons to be learnt from this experience by the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), in order to achieve macroeconomic convergence in the sub-region. This step is regarded as decisive toward the eventual creation of an African Economic Community and the establishment of a single currency on the continent in 2021 as envisaged by the Abuja Treaty came into force in 1994.

While it stands that all CEMAC member countries (Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, the Central African Republic and Chad) performed well in relation to the multilateral monitoring criterion on convergence which sets the public debt ratio (internal and external) at less than or equal to 70% of GDP, it is not the case for the other three convergence indicators. These include: maintaining a positive or zero-base budget balance; making sure annual inflation rates don’t get beyond 3%; and ensuring there is no accumulation, by each State, of domestic and external arrears on the management of the current period.

In light of the disparate and weak performances recorded, the experts implored the concerned member States to ensure greater ownership of the various facets of multilateral monitoring. They also indicated that member states of CEMAC should strengthen the capacity of stakeholders particularly in the collection and processing of statistics, while providing national monitoring cells with the requisite human and financial resources.

On the broader issue of macroeconomic convergence in the whole of ECCAS, the experts recommended to governments and partner institutions in the sub-region to continue the process of rationalization by developing a dashboard to facilitate the extension of the CEMAC convergence framework to all ECCAS countries. In the same vein, they asked CEMAC to associate the General Secretariat of ECCAS in its macroeconomic convergence monitoring missions.

Also, and among other recommendations, they invited ECA to initiate capacity building programmes for States and institutions for the optimal monitoring of countries’ standing vis-à-vis the established benchmarks, and to help overhaul their statistical systems to produce reliable data on convergence.

The experts were strongly encouraged in their deliberations by the Chief of Staff of the Minister Delegate in charge of Planning and Integration at the Ministry of State, Ministry of Economy, Finance, Planning, Public Investment and Integration of the Republic of Congo, Pascal Bobassa Ebale, who said he was pleased that despite the delay in the development of convergence programmes by some member States, “the convergence programme of CEMAC is fully operational.”

Distributed by APO (African Press Organization) on behalf of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA).


United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)


FY 2015 Notice of Funding Opportunity for NGO Programs Benefiting Refugees in Chad and Cameroon


WASHINGTON, March 4, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Funding Opportunity Announcement

Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration

March 3, 2015


Funding Opportunity Number: PRM-PRMOAPAF-15-007-051090

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) number: 19.517 – Overseas Refugee Assistance Programs for Africa

Announcement issuance date: Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Proposal submission deadline: Thursday, April 2, 2015 at 12:00 p.m. noon EDT. Proposals submitted after this deadline will not be considered.

**ADVISORY: All applicants must submit proposals through the website NOT through Please note that if you apply on the site, your application will be disqualified. PRM strongly recommends submitting your proposal early to allow time to address any difficulties that may arise.**

If you are new to PRM funding, the registration process can be complicated. We urge you to refer to PRM’s General NGO Guidelines “New to PRM Funding” section for information and resources to help ensure that the application process runs smoothly. PRM also strongly encourages organizations that have received funding from PRM in the past to read this section as a refresher.

Full Text of Notice of Funding Opportunity

A. Program Description

This announcement references PRM’s General NGO Guidelines which contain additional information on PRM’s priorities and NGO funding strategy with which selected organizations must comply. Please use both the General NGO Guidelines and this announcement to ensure that your submission is in full compliance with PRM requirements and that the proposed activities are in line with PRM’s priorities. Submissions that do not reflect the requirements outlined in these guidelines will not be considered.

Current Funding Priorities:

Proposed activities should primarily support Sudanese and/or CAR refugees in Chad and new Nigerian and/or CAR refugees in Cameroon. Because of PRM’s mandate to provide protection, assistance, and sustainable solutions for refugees and victims of conflict, PRM will consider funding only those projects that include a target beneficiary base of at least 50 percent refugees.

Country-specific Provisions:

(a) Chad:

• Proposals must focus on Sudanese refugees in the 14 camps in eastern Chad and/or Central African refugees in the five camps or UNHCR-designated host communities in southern Chad.

• Proposals must focus on one or more of the following sectors (see PRM’s General NGO Guidelines for sector descriptions):

o Healthcare (primary only), including reproductive health

o Protection (including gender-based violence prevention and response and/or child protection to include secondary education for Sudanese refugees) and/or community reconciliation (including potential refugee participation in CAR elections)

o Livelihoods

• Proposals should include a well-developed plan for training and building the capacity of local staff and service providers as well as building refugee self-sufficiency.

• Proposals should include a transition plan for long term sustainability of programming, and proposals related to secondary education should include an exit strategy.

(b) Cameroon:

• Proposals must focus on new Nigerian refugees (security permitting) and/or new Central African refugees.

• Proposals must focus on one or more of the following sectors (see PRM’s General NGO Guidelines for sector descriptions):

o Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)

o Protection (including gender-based violence prevention and response) and/or community reconciliation (including potential refugee participation in CAR elections)

o Livelihoods

B. Federal Award Information

Proposed program start dates: July 1, 2015-September 15, 2015

Duration of Activity: Program plans for 12 or 24 months will be considered. Applicants may submit multi-year proposals with activities and budgets that do not exceed 24 months from the proposed start date. Actual awards will not exceed 12 months in duration and the follow-on activities and budgets submitted in year one can be revised/updated for the second year. Continued funding after the initial 12- month award requires the submission of a noncompeting continuation application and will be contingent upon available funding, strong performance, and continuing need. In funding a project one year, PRM makes no representations that it will continue to fund the project in successive years and encourages applicants to seek a wide array of donors to ensure long-term funding possibilities. Please see Multi-Year Funding section below for additional information.

Funding Limits: Project proposals must not be more than $2,000,000 or they will be disqualified.

C. Eligibility Information

1. Eligible Applicants: (1) Nonprofits having a 501(c)(3) status with IRS, other than institutions of higher education; (2) Nonprofits without 501(c)(3) status with IRS, other than institutions of higher education; and (3) International Organizations. International multilateral organizations, such as United Nations agencies, should not submit proposals through in response to this Notice of Funding Opportunity announcement. Multilateral organizations that are seeking funding for programs relevant to this announcement should contact the PRM Program Officer (as listed below) on or before the closing date of the funding announcement.

2. Cost Sharing or Matching: Cost sharing, matching, or cost participation is not a requirement of an application in response to this funding announcement.

3. Other:

(a) Proposals must have a concrete implementation plan with well-conceived objectives and indicators that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and reliable, time-bound, and trackable (SMART), have established baselines, and include at least one outcome or impact indicator per objective; objectives should be clearly linked to the sectors.

(b) Proposals must adhere to relevant international standards for humanitarian assistance. See PRM’s General NGO Guidelines for a complete list of sector-specific standards including new guidance on proposals for projects in urban areas.

(c) PRM strongly encourages programs that target the needs of potentially vulnerable and underserved groups among the beneficiary population (women; children; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or intersex (LGBTI) individuals; older persons; the sick; persons with disabilities; and other minorities) and can demonstrate what steps have been taken to meet the specific and unique protection and assistance needs of these vulnerable groups effectively. NOTE: PRM partners must complete a gender analysis (see PRM proposal template, section 3a) that briefly analyzes (1) gender dynamics within the target population (i.e., roles, power dynamics, and different needs of men and women, girls and boys); (2) associated risks and implementation challenges for the project posed by those dynamics; and (3) how program activities will mitigate these protection risks and be made accessible to vulnerable groups (particularly women and girls). A gender analysis is a requirement prior to PRM making a final funding award.

(d) PRM will accept proposals from any NGO working in the above mentioned sectors although, given budgetary constraints, priority will be given to proposals from organizations that can demonstrate:

• a working relationship with UNHCR and/or current UNHCR funding, confirmed by a letter of support from UNHCR for the proposed activities and/or overall country program (this letter should highlight the gap in services the proposed program is designed to address);

• a proven track record in providing proposed assistance both in the sector and specified location;

• evidence of coordination with international organizations (IOs) and other NGOs working in the same area or sector as well as – where possible – local authorities;

• a strong transition plan, where feasible, involving local capacity-building;

• where applicable, adherence to PRM’s Principles for Refugee Protection in Urban Areas;

• an understanding of and sensitivity to conflict dynamics in the project location.

D. Application and Submission Instructions

1. Address to Request Application Package:

(a) Application packages may be downloaded from the website

2. Content and Form of Application:

(a) PRM Standardized Indicators

Health: Proposals focusing on health in camp based settings must include a minimum of one of the four following indicators and should try to include as many of the other indicators as are relevant:

• Number of consultations/clinician/day (Target: Fewer than 50 patients per clinician per day).

• Measles vaccination rate for children under five (Target: 95% coverage).

• Percentage of deliveries attended by a skilled birth attendant in a health care facility (Target: 100%).

• Percentage of reporting rape survivors given post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) with 72 hours (Target: 100%).

Proposals focusing on health in urban/non-camp settings must include a minimum of one of the six following indicators and should try to include as many of the other indicators as are relevant:

• Capacity-building: number of health care professionals/administrators trained on providing health services to beneficiary populations.

• Referrals: number of beneficiaries referred to appropriate services, and percentage of those referred who were able to get needed services.

• Community Outreach: number of beneficiaries who received targeted messages on their rights and health-related services available to them.

• Health Staffing: number of total consultations per health care provider, disaggregated by refugee/national, sex, and age.

• Patient Satisfaction: percentage of beneficiary patients receiving primary and emergency care who express satisfaction with services received.

• Post Exposure Prophylaxis: percentage of reporting beneficiary rape survivors given PEP within 72 hours (Target: 100%).

NGO proposals seeking to fund service provision may include the following indicators as appropriate:

• Primary Care: number and percentage of beneficiary patients, by sex and age, receiving primary health care assistance.

• Emergency Care: number and percentage of beneficiary patients, by sex and age, receiving care for trauma or sudden illness.

Proposals should include custom health indicators in addition to the relevant standardized indicator(s).

Key Resources – Health

• Sphere Handbook:

• UNHCR Health Guidelines, Policies, and Strategies:

• OFDA NGO Guidance (pages 96-110):

Livelihoods: Proposals focusing on livelihoods in camp-based settings must include a minimum of one of the three following indicators and should try to include as many of the other indicators as are relevant:

• Number of project beneficiaries, disaggregated by gender and population (refugee, national) receiving training on appropriate skills as determined by market and livelihood assessments. This may include language and skills training, entrepreneurship building, financial literacy, business support services, job placement and apprenticeship schemes, and/or legal aid.

• Number and percentage of program participants, disaggregated by gender and population (refugee, national) reporting higher household income level by end of project period as compared to the pre-project baseline assessment.

• (Temporary Employment) Number of beneficiaries, disaggregated by gender and population (refugee, national) participating in cash or food for work programs.

Proposals focusing on livelihoods in urban/non-camp settings must include a minimum of one of the eight following indicators and should try to include as many of the other indicators as are relevant:

• Number of project beneficiaries, disaggregated by gender and population (refugee, national) receiving training on appropriate skills as determined by market and livelihood assessments. This may include language and skills training, entrepreneurship building, financial literacy, business support services, job placement and apprenticeship schemes, and/or legal aid.

• Number and percentage of program participants, disaggregated by gender and population (refugee, national) reporting higher household income level by end of project period as compared to the pre-project baseline assessment.

• Number and percentage of program participants, disaggregated by gender and population (refugee, national) in urban settings who are placed in jobs by completion of the project period. Note: A chart should be provided reflecting the length of employment for program participants.

• (Temporary Employment) Number of beneficiaries, disaggregated by gender and population (refugee, national) participating in cash or food for work programs.

• The percentage of sampled host community employers who are able to identify at least two skill-sets (e.g., carpentry, embroidery) among program beneficiaries living in their municipality.

• The percentage of sampled host community employers who are able to describe accurately the procedures for hiring program beneficiaries.

• The percentage of sampled urban program beneficiaries who:

o Are able to describe accurately the procedures for receiving permits to conduct business.

o Apply for and receive for business permits.

• The percentage of sampled urban program beneficiaries who are economically self-reliant, as measured by self-reporting of household consumption and income sources.

Proposals should include custom livelihoods indicators in addition to the relevant standardized indicator(s).

Key Resources – Livelihoods

• USAID/OFDA Guidelines for Proposals, October 2012 (pgs. 82-96)

• Women’s Refugee Commission, Preventing Gender Based Violence, Building Livelihoods: Guidance and Tools for Improved Programming

• Minimum Economic Recovery Standards, 2nd ed. Washington, DC, USA: The SEEP Network, 2010.

• Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis Toolkit. (EMMA) Practical Action Publishing. 2010. (In French as of 2011.)

• Local Economic Recovery in Post-Conflict: Guidelines. Geneva: ILO, 2010.—ed_emp/documents/instructionalmaterial/wcms_141270.pdf

(b) Proposals must be submitted via (not via If you are new to PRM funding, the registration process can be complicated. We urge you to refer to PRM’s General NGO Guidelines “New to PRM Funding” section for information and resources to help ensure that the application process runs smoothly. PRM also strongly encourages organizations that have received funding from PRM in the past to read this section as a refresher. Applicants may also refer to the “Applicant Resources” page on for complete details on requirements (

(c) Do not wait until the last minute to submit your application on Organizations not registered with should register well in advance of the deadline as it can take up to two weeks to finalize registration (sometimes longer for non-U.S. based NGOs to get the required registration numbers). To register with, organizations must first receive a Dun and Bradstreet Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number and register with the System for Award Management (SAM) at which can take weeks and sometimes months. We recommend that organizations, particularly first-time applicants, submit applications via no later than one week before the deadline to avoid last-minute technical difficulties that could result in an application not being considered. PRM partners must maintain an active SAM registration with current information at all times during which they have an active federal award or an application under consideration by PRM or any federal agency.

(d) To register with, organizations must 1) receive a DUNS number; 2) register with the System for Award Management (SAM); 3) register with; and 4) designate points of contact and authorized organization representatives in Organizations based outside the United States must also request and receive an NCAGE code prior to registering with

(e) Applications must be submitted under the authority of the Authorized Organization Representative (AOR) at the applicant organization. Having proposals submitted by agency headquarters helps to avoid possible technical problems.

(f) If you encounter technical difficulties with please contact the Help Desk at or by calling 1-800-518-4726. Applicants who are unable to submit applications via due to technical difficulties and who have reported the problem to the help desk, received a case number, and had a service request opened to research the problem, should contact the relevant PRM Program Officer to determine whether an alternative method of submission is appropriate.

(g) It is the responsibility of each applicant to ensure the appropriate registrations are in place and active. Failure to have the appropriate organizational registrations in place is not considered a technical difficulty and is not justification for an alternate means of submission.

(h) Pursuant to U.S. Code, Title 218, Section 1001, stated on OMB Standard Form 424 (SF-424), the Department of State is authorized to consolidate the certifications and assurances required by Federal law or regulations for its federal assistance programs. The list of certifications and assurances can be found at:

3. Dun and Bradstreet Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) Number and System for Award Management (SAM)

Each applicant is required to: (i) be registered in SAM before submitting its application; (ii) provide a valid DUNS number in its application; and (iii) continue to maintain an active SAM registration with current information at all times during which it has an active PRM award or an application or plan under consideration by PRM. No federal award may be made to an applicant until the applicant has complied with all applicable DUNS and SAM requirements and, if an applicant has not fully complied with the requirements by the time the PRM award is ready to be made, PRM may determine that the applicant is not qualified to receive a PRM award and use that determination as a basis for making a PRM award to another applicant.

4. Submission Dates and Times

Announcement issuance date: Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Proposal submission deadline: Thursday, April 2, 2015 at 12:00 p.m. noon EDT.

5. Intergovernmental Review – Not Applicable.

6. Funding Restrictions. Federal awards will not allow reimbursement of Federal Award costs without prior authorization by PRM.

7. Other Submission Requirements

Content and Formatting

(a) This announcement is designed to accompany PRM’s General NGO Guidelines which contain additional administrative information on proposal content and formatting, and explain in detail PRM’s NGO funding strategy and priorities. Please use both the General NGO Guidelines and this announcement to ensure that your proposal submission is in full compliance with PRM requirements and that the proposed activities are in line with PRM’s priorities. Proposal submissions that do not meet all of the requirements outlined in these guidelines will not be considered.

(b) PRM strongly recommends using the proposal and budget templates that are available upon email request from PRM’s NGO Coordinator. Please send an email, with the phrase “PRM NGO Templates” in the subject line, to PRM’s NGO Coordinator to receive an automated reply with the templates. Single-year proposals using PRM’s templates must be no more than 20 pages in length (Times New Roman 12 point font, one inch margins on all sides). If the applicant does not use PRM’s recommended templates, proposals must not exceed 15 pages in length. Organizations may choose to attach work plans, activity calendars, and/or logical frameworks as addendums/appendices to the proposal. These attachments do not count toward the page limit total however annexes cannot be relied upon as a key source of program information. The proposal narrative must be able to stand on its own in the application process. For multi-year funding application instructions, see section (e) below.

(c) To be considered for PRM funding, organizations must submit a complete application package including:

• Proposal reflecting objectives and indicators for each year of the program period.

• Budget and budget narrative for each year of the program period.

• Signed completed SF-424.

(d) In addition, proposal submissions to PRM should include the following information:

• Focus on outcome or impact indicators as much as possible. At a minimum, each objective should have one outcome or impact indicator. Wherever possible, baselines should be established before the start of the project.

• To increase PRM’s ability to track the impact of PRM funding, include specific information on locations of projects and beneficiaries (GPS coordinates if possible).

• Proposals should outline how the NGO will acknowledge PRM funding. If an organization believes that publicly acknowledging the receipt of USG funding for a particular PRM-funded project could potentially endanger the lives of the beneficiaries and/or the organization staff, invite suspicion about the organization’s motives, or alienate the organization from the population it is trying to help, it must provide a brief explanation in its proposal as to why it should be exempted from this requirement.

• The budget should include a specific breakdown of funds being provided by UNHCR, other USG agencies, other donors, and your own organization.

• Applicants whose proposals address gender-based violence (GBV) through their projects must estimate the total cost of these activities as a separate line item in their proposed budgets. PRM’s budget template document has been updated to reflect this requirement.

• Gender analysis (See above. Required before an award can be made).

• Copy of the organization’s Code of Conduct (required before an award can be made).

• Copy of the organization’s Security Plan (required before an award can be made).

• Proposals and budgets should include details of any sub-agreements associated with the program.

• Most recent Negotiated Indirect Cost Rate Agreement (NICRA), if applicable.

• NGOs that have not received PRM funding since the U.S. government fiscal year ending September 30, 2004 must be prepared to demonstrate that they meet the financial and accounting requirements of the U.S. government by submitting copies of 1) the most recent external financial audit, 2) proof of non-profit tax status including under IRS 501 (c)(3), as applicable, 3) a Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number, and 4) an Employer ID (EIN)/Federal Tax Identification number.

• Organizations that received PRM funding in FY 2014 for activities that are being proposed for funding under this announcement must include the most recent quarterly progress report against indicators outlined in the cooperative agreement. If an organization’s last quarterly report was submitted more than six weeks prior to the submission of a proposal in response to this funding announcement, the organization must include, with its most recent quarterly report, updates that show any significant progress made on objectives since the last report.

(e) Multi-Year Funding: Applicants proposing multi-year programs should adhere to the following guidance:

Applicants may submit proposals that include multi-year strategies presented in 12-month cycles for a period not to exceed 24 months from the proposed start date. Fully developed programs with detailed budgets, objectives and indicators are required for each year of activities. These can be updated yearly upon submission of continuation applications. Applicants should note that they may use PRM’s recommended multi-year proposal template for this application, which is different from the single year template. Multi-year funding applicants may also use PRM’s standard budget template and should submit a separate budget sheet for each project year. Multi-year proposals using PRM’s templates must be no more than 30 pages in length (Times New Roman 12 point font, one inch margins on all sides). If the applicant does not use PRM’s recommended templates, proposals must not exceed 25 pages in length. Organizations may choose to attach work plans, activity calendars, and/or logical frameworks as addendums/appendices to the proposal. These attachments do not count toward the page limit total.

Multi-year applications selected for funding by PRM will be funded in 12- month increments based on the proposal submitted in the initial application as approved by PRM. Continued funding after the initial 12- month award requires the submission of a noncompeting continuation application and will be contingent upon available funding, strong performance, and continuing need. Continuation applications must be submitted by the organization no later than 90 days before the proposed start date of the new award (e.g., if the next project period is to begin on September 1, submit your application by June 1). Continuation applications are submitted in lieu of responding to PRM’s published call for proposals for those activities. Late continuation applications will jeopardize continued funding.

Organizations can request multi-year funding and continuation application templates by emailing PRM’s NGO Coordinator with the phrase “PRM NGO Templates” in the subject line.

(f) Branding and Marking Strategy: Unless exceptions have been approved by the designated bureau Authorizing Official as described in the proposal templates that are available upon email request from PRM’s NGO Coordinator, at a minimum, the following provision will be included whenever assistance is awarded:

• As a condition of receipt of this assistance award, all materials produced pursuant to the award, including training materials, materials for recipients or materials to communicate or promote with foreign audiences a program, event, project, or some other activity under this agreement, including but not limited to invitations to events, press materials, event backdrops, podium signs, etc. must be marked appropriately with the standard U.S. flag in a size and prominence equal to (or greater than) any other logo or identity.

o Subrecipients and subsequent tier sub-award agreements are subject to the marking requirements and the recipient shall include a provision in the subrecipient agreement indicating that the standard, rectangular U.S. flag is a requirement. In the event the recipient does not comply with the marking requirements as established in the approved assistance agreement, the Grants Officer Representative and the Grants Officer must initiate corrective action.

E. Application Review Information

1. Criteria: Eligible submissions will be those that comply with the criteria and requirements included in this announcement. In addition, the review panel will evaluate the proposals based on the following criteria:

(i) Problem Analysis

(ii) Program Description

(iii) Objectives and Indicators

(iv) Monitoring and Evaluation Plan

(v) Beneficiary Interaction and Capacity Building

(vi) Coordination with other Stakeholders

(vii) Transition Plan

(viii) Management Capacity

(ix) Budget

2. PRM will conduct a formal competitive review of all proposals submitted in response to this funding announcement. A review panel of at least three people will evaluate submissions based on the above-referenced programmatic criteria and PRM priorities in the context of available funding.

F. Federal Award Administration Information

1. Federal Award Administration. A successful applicant can expect to receive a separate notice from PRM stating that an application has been selected before PRM actually makes the federal award. That notice is not an authorization to begin performance. Only the notice of award signed by the grants officer is the authorizing document. Unsuccessful applicants will be notified following completion of the selection and award process.

2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements. PRM awards are made consistent with the following provisions in the following order of precedence: (a) applicable laws and statutes of the United States, including any specific legislative provisions mandated in the statutory authority for the award; (b) Code of Federal Regulations (CFR); (c) Department of State Standard Terms and Conditions of the award; (d) the award’s specific requirements; and (e) other documents and attachments to the award.

3. Reporting

(a) Program Reports: PRM requires program reports describing and analyzing the results of activities undertaken during the validity period of the agreement. A program report is required within thirty (30) days following the end of each three month period of performance during the validity period of the agreement. The final program report is due ninety (90) days following the end of the agreement. The submission dates for program reports will be written into the cooperative agreement. Partners receiving multi-year awards should follow this same reporting schedule and should still submit a final program report at the end of each year that summarizes the NGO’s performance during the previous year.

The Performance Progress Report (SF-PPR) is a standard, government-wide performance reporting format available at: Recipients of PRM funding must submit the signed SF-PPR cover page with each program report. In addition, the Bureau suggests that NGOs receiving PRM funding use the PRM recommended program report template and reference this template as being attached in block 10 of the SF-PPR. This template is designed to ease the reporting requirements while ensuring that all required elements are addressed. The Program Report Template can be requested by sending an email with only the phrase “PRM NGO Templates” (without the quotation marks) in the subject line to

Successful applicants will be required to submit:

(b) Financial Reports: Financial reports are required within thirty (30) days following the end of each calendar year quarter during the validity period of the agreement (January 30th, April 30th, July 30th, October 30th). The final financial report covering the entire period of the agreement is required within ninety (90) days after the expiration date of the agreement. For agreements containing indirect costs, final financial reports are due within sixty (60) days of the finalization of the applicable negotiated indirect cost rate agreement (NICRA).

Reports reflecting expenditures for the recipient’s overseas and United States offices should be completed in accordance with the Federal Financial Report (FFR SF-425) and submitted electronically in the Department of Health and Human Services’ Payment Management System (HHS/PMS) and in accordance with other award specific requirements. Detailed information pertaining to the Federal Financial Report including due dates, instruction manuals and access forms, is provided on the HHS/PMS website at

For more details regarding reporting requirements please see PRM’s General NGO Guidelines.

G. PRM Contacts

Applicants with technical questions related to this announcement should contact the PRM staff listed below prior to proposal submission. Please note that responses to technical questions from PRM do not indicate a commitment to fund the program discussed.

PRM Program Officer: Kristen Frost,, (202) 453-9383, Washington, D.C.

Regional Refugee Coordinator: Lance Kinne,, (235) 22-51-70-09 ext. 4323, U.S. Embassy, N’Djamena



US Department of State

L’Afrique centrale appelée à accroître sa convergence macroéconomique

Un appel lancé au terme d’une réunion organisée par la Commission Economique des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique (CEA) avec le concours du Gouvernement de la République du Congo

BRAZZAVILLE, Congo, 4 mars 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ Les Etats de l’Afrique centrale, viennent d’être appelés, une fois de plus, à accroître leurs efforts vers une intégration régionale pourvoyeuse de la croissance durable de tous les économies de la sous-région, surtout en terme de la surveillance des critères de convergence macroéconomique qu’ils se sont fixés. L’appel a été lancé ce mardi,  à Brazzaville, au terme d’une réunion ad hoc d’experts sur les avancées et perspectives de la convergence macroéconomique dans la sous-région, organisée par la Commission Economique des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique (CEA) ( avec le concours du Gouvernement de la République du Congo.


Photo 1:

Photo 2:

Photo 3:

La session de réflexion qui a réuni une soixantaine d’experts pendant deux jours, était dédiée à  l’examen du progrès fait par les Etats de la CEMAC sur quatre critères de la convergence macroéconomique et sur des leçons  à  tirer de cette expérience par la  Communauté Economique des Etats d’Afrique Centrale (CEEAC) afin d’obtenir la convergence macroéconomique dans la sous-région. Ceci, dans le but de faire un pas décisif vers la création d’une Communauté Économique Africaine et la mise sur pied d’une monnaie unique du continent en 2021 comme envisagé par le Traité d’Abuja, mise en vigueur en 1994.

S’il est vrai que tous les pays de l’espace CEMAC (le Cameroun, le Congo, le Gabon, la Guinée Equatoriale, la République Centrafricaine et le Tchad) ont eu des bonnes performances par rapport au critère de surveillance multilatérale sur la convergence qui fixe le  taux d’endettement public (intérieur et extérieur) inférieur ou égal à 70% du PIB, ce n’est pas le cas pour les trois autres indicateurs de convergence. Il s’agit du maintien d’un solde budgétaire de base positif ou nul, la conservation d’un taux d’inflation annuel inférieur à 3% et la non-accumulation d’arriérés intérieurs et extérieurs sur la gestion de la période courante par chacun de ces Etats concernés.

Face à des performances disparates et en deçà des attentes, les experts ont suggéré aux Etats concernées d’assurer une meilleure appropriation de l’exercice de surveillance multilatérale différents. Ils ont également indiqué que les Etats membres de la CEMAC devraient renforcer les capacités des acteurs particulièrement dans la collecte et traitement des statistiques, tout en dotant les cellules nationales de surveillance en ressources humaines et financières adéquates.

A la plus large question de la convergence macroéconomique dans toute l’étendue de la CEEAC, les experts ont recommandé aux gouvernements et aux institutions partenaires de la sous-région de poursuivre le chantier de la rationalisation en élaborant un tableau de bord pour appréhender l’extension du cadre de convergence CEMAC à l’ensemble des pays de la CEEAC. Dans le même ordre d’idée, ils ont demandé  à la CEMAC d’associer le Secrétariat Général de la CEEAC dans les missions de surveillance de la convergence macroéconomique.

Aussi, et parmi d’autres recommandations, ils ont invité la CEA  à  initier des programmes de renforcement des capacités des Etats et de leurs institutions pour un meilleur suivi des critères, ainsi que de leurs systèmes statistiques pour la production de données fiables sur la convergence.

Les experts ont été fortement encouragés dans leur réflexion par le Directeur du Cabinet du Ministre Délégué du Plan et de l’Intégration au  du Ministère d’Etat, Ministre de l’Economie, des Finances, du Plan, du Portefeuille Public et de l’Intégration de la République du Congo, M. Pascal Bobassa Ebale, qui s’est dit heureux de constater que malgré le retard dans l’élaboration des programmes de convergence par certains Etats  membres, « le programme de convergence de la CEMAC est entièrement opérationnel ».

Distribué par APO (African Press Organization) pour la Commission Economique des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique (CEA).


Commission Economique des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique (CEA)

Posted by: africanpressorganization | 3 March 2015

Norway for sanctions against South Sudan


Norway for sanctions against South Sudan


OSLO, Norway, March 3, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Norway is co-sponsor of the resolution unanimously adopted by the UN Security Council today to impose sanctions on individuals in South Sudan. ‘After nearly 15 months of hostilities, it is a tragedy for the people of South Sudan that the parties to the conflict are not willing to pursue peace. The fact that a unified Security Council now supports sanctions shows how critical the situation is,’ said Minister of Foreign Affairs Børge Brende.


The resolution was first proposed by the US, which together with Norway and the UK comprises the troika for South Sudan. Norway and a number of other countries co-sponsored the resolution. The sanctions include travel bans on individuals and asset freezes on individuals and entities designated by the sanctions committee that will be established by the Security Council.


‘The parties to the conflict have had many opportunities to end the hostilities and to agree on a political solution to the conflict and a transitional government for the period up to the next election. I am extremely disappointed that the parties to the conflict have put their own interests before the interests of the population. South Sudan fought for independence for 30 years. However, once independence was attained, the leaders of the new state soon steered it into another conflict, resulting in a humanitarian crisis that is now affecting more than 6 million civilians,’ Mr Brende said.


Norway has been heavily involved in the situation in South Sudan for many years, and has actively supported the regional organisation IGAD, which is leading the peace negotiations. When Foreign Minister Brende met the parties to the conflict in Ethiopia in January, he warned them that sanctions were a possible consequence if they did not show a willingness to find a peaceful solution. Today, the Security Council decided to assess the situation at regular intervals in the time ahead, and has set out in the resolution that it may introduce an arms embargo on South Sudan at a later stage if this is found to be necessary.


Since the conflict broke out in December 2013, tens of thousands of civilians have been killed, one and a half million people have been internally displaced, and a half a million people have fled to the neighbouring countries. Children are being used as child soldiers, and schools have been occupied by troops. Famine has been prevented only through a massive humanitarian response by the international community, to which Norway has contributed. The economy is about to collapse, and the neighbouring countries are also suffering economically because of the conflict.



Norway – Ministry of Foreign Affairs


Le RSSG et Chef de la MINUSMA reçu aujourd’hui par le Président de la République du Mali


BAMAKO, Mali, 3 mars 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ Le Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire général et Chef de la MINUSMA, M. Mongi Hamdi, a été reçu aujourd’hui par le Président de la République du Mali, Son Excellence M. Ibrahim Boubacar Keita.


Les échanges ont porté en particulier sur le processus d’Alger et ses résultats.


M. Hamdi a rendu hommage à cet égard au Gouvernement et au peuple algérien pour avoir mis à la disposition des Maliens un cadre approprié pour les pourparlers de paix, ainsi que pour les efforts et moyens considérables déployés des mois durant aux fins d’assurer le bon déroulement des négociations. Il a loué la contribution de tous les membres de l’équipe de Médiation tout au long des pourparlers. Par ailleurs, il a souligné sa profonde reconnaissance aux amis de la Médiation, la France et les Etats Unis d’Amérique, pour leur apport précieux en soutien au processus.


M. Hamdi a souligné que l’Accord paraphé à Alger, même s’il n’est pas parfait, représente un bon compromis et une base solide sur laquelle les Maliens pourraient bâtir une paix et une stabilité durables sur l’étendue du territoire national, dans le respect des dispositions des engagements contractés dans le cadre du processus d’Alger et des différentes résolutions du Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies et de l’Union Africaine, en particulier celles relatives à la souveraineté, l’intégrité territoriale du Mali, le caractère unitaire, laïc et républicain de son Etat.


M. Hamdi a affirmé l’engagement de la MINUSMA à s’acquitter pleinement du mandat qui lui est confié par le Conseil de sécurité et des tâches qui lui incombent en vertu de l’Accord de Paix et de Réconciliation paraphé à Alger, en appui aux efforts du Mali à asseoir les fondations solides nécessaires à une résolution définitive de la crise malienne. Il a noté à cet égard que l’Accord représente un pas décisif dans cette voie, mais n’est que le point de départ d’un long processus, dont la mise en œuvre scrupuleuse par toutes les parties devrait mener à terme, à mettre une fin définitive à la crise malienne au bénéfice de tous les Maliens.


M. Hamdi a indiqué que la MINUSMA continuera ses efforts, de concert avec l’équipe de Médiation, pour obtenir la finalisation du paraphe de l’Accord, et sa signature par toutes les parties dans les meilleurs délais.


Il a souligné l’engagement de la MINUSMA à accompagner les efforts du Mali et de tous les Maliens dans la mise en œuvre de l’Accord. La MINUSMA continuera de mobiliser tous ses moyens pour aider les efforts nationaux visant une stabilisation durable du pays. Il a conclu en affirmant que la MINUSMA demeure résolument engagée auprès de toutes les Maliennes et les Maliens à œuvrer en faveur de la réconciliation nationale et la paix.




Posted by: africanpressorganization | 3 March 2015

German Government calls on Malian parties to sign peace agreement


German Government calls on Malian parties to sign peace agreement


BERLIN, Germany, March 3, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — A Federal Foreign Office spokesperson issued the following statement in Berlin today (3 March 2015) in response to the Malian Government and some of the armed groups signing a peace agreement in Algiers on 1 March:

The signing of this peace agreement represents a significant step towards lasting and sustainable peace in Mali, achieved in part thanks to months of effort by international mediators led by Algeria.


All parties which have not yet done so are now expressly called upon also to sign this hard won agreement soon. This is the best chance of peace there will be for the foreseeable future, and it will serve as a basis for reconciliation and development for the people of the whole of Mali.



Germany – Ministry of Foreign Affairs


UN and AU envoys call for increased measures to combat sexual violence in Somalia


MOGADISHU, Somalia, March 3, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Joint statement by the UN and AU envoys to Somalia

Speaking at a high level panel discussion on sexual violence in Somalia the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG), Nicholas Kay and the Special Representative of the AU Commission Chairperson (SRCC), Maman S. Sidikou made a joint call for increased measures to protect Somalia’s women and girls and reiterated their commitment to support efforts to combat sexual and gender based violence in Somalia.


The event was organised by an international Non-Governmental Organisation, Legal Action Worldwide in Mogadishu. Other panellists included Somalia’s Minister for Women and Human Rights Development, Hon. Minister Zahra Mohamed Ali Samantar, the European Union Special Representative for Somalia, Michele Cervone d’Urso, the Director of the Elman Peace and Human Rights Centre, Ms Fartun Aden and the Executive Director of Legal Action Worldwide, Ms Antonia Mulvey.


“Preventing and responding to sexual violence is vital. There should be no impunity for these crimes. The United Nations is committed to working with the Somali people and authorities to increase measures to protect the rights of Somalia’s women and girls.” said SRSG Kay.


SRCC Sidikou reinforced AMISOM’s commitment and determination for efforts to combat sexual exploitation and abuse.”There should be no safe haven for perpetrators of such heinous crimes against some of Somalia’s most vulnerable women and girls. By working together, sharing our knowledge and our experience, mobilising resources and committing our political will we are determined to end rape and other forms of sexual violence in conflict situations. We remain committed to working with the Somali people, the Federal Government, and the United Nations to support all efforts to hold any perpetrators to account and to improve the response and support to victims and their access to Somalia’s justice system.” He said.


Panel members also highlighted the importance of providing better, more timely and comprehensive assistance and care to, including health and psychosocial care that addresses the long term consequences of sexual violence in conflict to victims and their families.





Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Takashi Uto to Visit Switzerland, Tunisia and Senegal


TOKYO, Japan, March 3, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — 1. Mr. Takashi Uto, Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, will visit the Swiss Confederation (Geneva), the Republic of Tunisia (Tunis) and the Republic of Senegal (Dakar) from March 2 to 8.


2. In Geneva, Parliamentary Vice-Minister Uto is scheduled to attend the High-Level Segment of the 28th Session of the UN Human Rights Council on March 2 and deliver a statement on Japan’s human rights diplomacy, as well as have talks with UN officials and high-level attendees from other countries. Furthermore, he is scheduled to attend the Conference on Disarmament on March 3 and deliver a statement on Japan’s disarmament diplomacy.


3. In Tunis, Parliamentary Vice-Minister Uto is scheduled to express his congratulations to key government officials in the new administration launched in February, on the completion of a series of political processes and progress with domestic reform. He will also exchange views and seek to forge relationships that will enable closer cooperation on bilateral and multilateral frameworks, including Security Council reform.


4. In Dakar, Parliamentary Vice-Minister Uto is scheduled to hold meetings with key government officials in order to strengthen the bilateral relationship as well as the cooperative relationship in the international arena, including Security Council reform, with Senegal, which is one of the major countries an important country in West Africa.



Japan – Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Posted by: africanpressorganization | 3 March 2015

WHO intensifies support to cholera outbreak in Malawi and Mozambique


WHO intensifies support to cholera outbreak in Malawi and Mozambique


BRAZZAVILLE, Republic of the Congo, March 3, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — The WHO Regional Office for Africa is intensifying country support to prevent cholera from reaching internally displaced person (IDP) camps along the border of Malawi and Mozambique. Since January 2015, extensive flooding has caused 230 000 IDPs to live in opportune refugee camps and temporary shelters.

As of 2 March 2015, 55 cases of cholera have been confirmed by the Malawian Ministry of Health, with two deaths. All of these cases have been identified outside IDP sites. Several cases have been linked to the Jambawe area in Mutarara district – a gold mine in Mozambique 10 km from the Malawian border, where many Malawians work.

“The WHO offices in Malawi and Mozambique are facilitating cross-border meetings for the Ministries of Health in the two countries to agree on a common approach to prevent the outbreak from spreading further,” said Dr Eugene Nyarko, WHO Representative for Malawi.

“Here in Malawi the WHO, UNICEF, Medicines Sans Frontier, Save the Children Fund and the Malawi Red Cross have mobilized and prepositioned cholera kits in all cholera prone districts. Health promotion and Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) interventions are being intensified through the district health management teams and the relevant partners at district level to prevent the disease reaching the camps,” Dr Nyarko added.

The first case of cholera in Mozambique was notified on 25th December 2014 in Nampula city and has now affected over 3782 people with 39 deaths in 11 districts of four provinces. The most affected district is Tete followed by Nampula and Moatize.

Cholera can kill within hours if left untreated and thrives in areas of overcrowding, scarcity of safe water, poor sanitation and waste management, poor nutritional status as a result of food shortages, and poor access to health care services. People with low immunity such as malnourished children or people living with HIV are at a greater risk of death if infected.

The mainstay of control measures to be implemented during emergencies should remain (i) implementing interventions to improve water and sanitation, (ii) providing appropriate treatment to people with cholera and (iii) mobilizing communities to prevent transmission.

Primary prevention is possible by observing a few simple rules of good hygiene and safe water and food preparation. These rules include thorough washing of hands with safe water and soap, especially before food preparation and eating, thorough cooking of food, and consumption while hot (“boil it, peel it or leave it”), boiling or treatment of drinking water, and use of sanitary facilities. Safe water is water that has been boiled, treated with a chlorine product, or is bottled with an unbroken seal.

Promoting early detection and timely treatments

Up to 80% of cases can be successfully treated with oral rehydration salts, and early detection and effective case management reduces the case fatality rate to less than 1%. Antibiotic therapy is also recommended for severe cases.

The use of oral cholera vaccine is also being considered to prevent the spread of the outbreak to the IDP camps. If implemented, vaccination should cover as many people as possible who are eligible to receive the vaccine, and should be conducted as quickly as possible.

Oral cholera vaccines (OCVs) can provide immediate, short-term protection while improved access to safe water and sanitation are put into place. Two doses of OCV given two weeks apart are required for fully protective immunity.

The WHO Regional Office for Africa has sent experts to Malawi and Mozambique to provide technical advice and support to implement comprehensive control strategies, including OCV.



World Health Organization (WHO)


Os empreendedores mais jovens de África podem ganhar 75 000 $ ao candidatarem-se ao Prémio Anzisha de 2015


Após o sucesso inicial, o Prémio Anzisha está em expansão para dar mais apoio a jovens empreendedores e organizações associadas de modo a impulsionar o crescimento económico pan-africano até 2020


JOHANNESBURG, South-Africa, March 3, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ Iniciou-se a fase de candidaturas ao 5.o Prémio Anzisha ( que dá início à procura dos empreendedores sociais e empresariais mais jovens e admiráveis de África, com menos de 22 anos. África é o continente mais jovem do mundo, com mais de 600 milhões de pessoas com menos de 25 anos. O Prémio Anzisha é um programa com crescente impacto social que se concentra exclusivamente em promover o acesso de milhões de jovens africanos a oportunidades de empreendedorismo viáveis e estimulantes em sectores económicos de elevado crescimento.





O impacto e o sucesso do programa até à data incentivou os seus coorganizadores, a African Leadership Academy e a Fundação MasterCard, a prolongar a sua colaboração por mais 5 anos. O Prémio Anzisha vai fazer parte do panorama do empreendedorismo em África até 2020 e as suas atividades vão ser desenvolvidas com a máxima dedicação de modo, não só a incentivar os jovens empreendedores, mas também a reforçar e celebrar o ecossistema de organizações que desenvolvem o talento empreendedor dos jovens africanos nesta faixa etária.


É conhecido como #AnzishaEffect (o efeito Anzisha) e refere-se precisamente ao poder das histórias dos empreendedores mais jovens entre nós, que incentivam outros a seguir as suas pisadas. África precisa de jovens líderes empreendedores que sejam fortes e inovadores para criar postos de trabalho, resolver problemas e fomentar a economia. O futuro do continente africano será decidido por líderes empreendedores em todos os sectores.


“Já vimos o #AnzishaEffect em ação nas histórias inspiradoras e na liderança dos Anzisha Fellows (membros da Anzisha), como por exemplo, Laetitia Mukungu, Andrew Mupuya e Thato Kgatlhanye. Atualmente, são reconhecidos em todo o mundo e celebrados como exemplos a seguir”, afirma Reeta Roy, Presidente e CEO da Fundação MasterCard. “Estamos entusiasmados com a expansão do nosso apoio através do Prémio Anzisha de modo a permitir que muitos mais jovens empreendedores em África possam ter um impacto duradouro nas respetivas comunidades e países.”


Todos os anos, os 12 finalistas ganham uma viagem de duas semanas à África do Sul para a experiência de aprendizagem de uma vida na African Leadership Academy e dividem entre si mais de 75 000 dólares americanos de financiamento monetário. No jantar de gala é anunciado o grande vencedor do prémio, o qual recebe 25 000 $ para desenvolver o seu negócio. A partir de 2015, os Anzisha Fellows passam a ser apoiados ativamente através da recentemente instituída Youth Entrepreneur Support Unit (YES-U [Unidade de Apoio ao Jovem Empreendedor]), sediada na African Leadership Academy, uma colaboração com as principais incubadoras de empresas no continente. A experiência dos membros é estruturada em torno de orientação, serviços de consultadoria, reuniões de comunidades e oportunidades de viagem, enquanto desenvolvem os seus empreendimentos empresariais. Novos programas serão anunciados brevemente, os quais se concentram e investem noutras áreas da cadeia de valores dos jovens empreendedores.


As candidaturas encerram a 15 de abril de 2015 e todas as nomeações são muito bem-vindas. O Prémio Anzisha é uma das oportunidades pan-africanas mais acessíveis e abrangentes para todos os jovens, independentemente das suas origens. Os formulários de candidatura e as informações estão disponíveis em inglês, francês, português e árabe e a equipa da digressão do Prémio Anzisha vai visitar as principais localidades e envolver os meios de comunicação locais em todas as regiões. Além disso, mais de 25 organizações associadas de vários países estão disponíveis para ajudar os candidatos em países pelos quais a digressão não vai passar. Aceitamos candidaturas em papel e em suporte digital.


“Há poucos programas com o alcance e o potencial do Prémio Anzisha que se concentrem nesta faixa etária,” comenta Josh Adler, Diretor do Centre for Entrepreneurial Leadership (Centro de Liderança Empreendedora) na African Leadership Academy e Diretor do programa Anzisha, “Este ano, vamos ver as diversas partes do ecossistema em que temos investido desde 2010 a começarem realmente a trabalhar em conjunto para benefício dos mais jovens empreendedores de África, independentemente do local em que se encontrem!”


Acompanhe a história do Prémio Anzisha deste ano online (, no Facebook (, no Twitter ( e no YouTube (


Distribuído pela APO (African Press Organization) em nome da Anzisha Prize.



Contacto para a imprensa:

Melissa Mbazo – responsável pela ligação com os meios de comunicação social do Prémio Anzisha

E-mail: 11 699 3000




Sobre o Prémio Anzisha

O Prémio Anzisha ( é gerido pelo Centre for Entrepreneurial Leadership da African Leadership Academy, que foi criado através de uma parceria de vários anos com a Fundação MasterCard. Com o Prémio Anzisha, os organizadores pretendem catalisar a inovação e o empreendedorismo entre os jovens de todo o continente.


Sobre a African Leadership Academy

A African Leadership Academy (ALA) procura transformar África através do desenvolvimento de uma forte rede de líderes empreendedores que irão trabalhar em conjunto para conquistar um extraordinário impacto social. Anualmente, a ALA reúne os mais promissores jovens líderes de todas as 54 nações africanas para um programa pré-universitário na África do Sul, centrado em liderança, empreendedorismo e estudos africanos. A ALA continua a cultivar estes líderes durante a sua vida ao fornecer formação contínua e contactos a redes de pessoas e capital, que podem dar origem a uma mudança em grande escala. Para obter mais informações, visite


Sobre a Fundação MasterCard

A Fundação MasterCard é uma organização global independente sediada em Toronto, Canadá, com mais de 9 mil milhões de dólares em ativos.  Através de uma colaboração com organizações associadas em 57 países, esta fundação está a criar oportunidades para que todas as pessoas possam aprender e prosperar. Os programas da Fundação promovem a inclusão financeira e a aprendizagem avançada junto dos jovens, principalmente em África. Criada em 2006 através da generosidade da MasterCard Worldwide quando esta se tornou numa empresa pública, a Fundação é uma entidade distinta e independente. As políticas, operações e decisões de financiamento da Fundação são determinadas pelo seu próprio Conselho de Administração, Presidente e CEO.  Para obter mais informações sobre a Fundação, visite


Imagens e outros conteúdos

Um centro de multimédia completo com logótipos, fotografias e entrevistas está disponível em


Entrevistas exclusivas com candidatos locais promissores

Durante a fase de receção das candidaturas, a equipa do Prémio Anzisha gostaria entrasse em contacto e realizasse entrevistas com os candidatos mais promissores da sua região.  Se isto for do interesse da sua publicação, entre em contacto com a equipa do Prémio Anzisha.


Para obter mais informações e atualizações regulares, visite:



Anzisha Prize


Les jeunes entrepreneurs africains ont une chance de gagner 75 000 $ en participant au Prix Anzisha 2015


Après son succès initial, le Prix Anzisha se prolonge jusqu’en 2020 pour renforcer son soutien aux jeunes entrepreneurs et aux organisations partenaires afin de dynamiser la croissance économique panafricaine


JOHANNESBURG, Afrique du Sud, 3 mars 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ La phase de candidature du 5e Prix Anzisha ( vient de commencer, et avec elle la chasse aux entrepreneurs africains de moins de 22 ans les plus audacieux. Avec 600 millions de personnes âgées de moins de 25 ans, l’Afrique est le continent le plus jeune du globe. Le Prix Anzisha est un programme social dont l’objectif est d’accélérer l’accès de millions de jeunes Africains à des opportunités entrepreneuriales viables et passionnantes dans des secteurs économiques à forte croissance.





L’impact et le succès du programme ont encouragé ses organisateurs, l’African Leadership Academy et The MasterCard Foundation, à prolonger leur collaboration pendant cinq ans. Le Prix Anzisha fera partie du paysage entrepreneurial africain jusqu’en 2020. Il élargit ses activités pour encourager les jeunes entrepreneurs, mais aussi renforcer et récompenser l’écosystème des organisations qui développent le talent entrepreneurial des jeunes Africains dans cette tranche d’âge.


Cela s’appelle l’effet Anzisha (#AnzishaEffect). C’est le pouvoir du parcours des jeunes entrepreneurs qui encouragent les autres à suivre leurs pas. L’Afrique a besoin de jeunes leaders forts, innovants et entrepreneurs pour créer des emplois, résoudre les problèmes et diriger l’économie. L’avenir de notre continent sera déterminé par les leaders entrepreneurs dans tous les secteurs.


« Nous avons déjà vu l’#AnzishaEffect à l’œuvre grâce aux histoires inspirantes des Boursiers Anzisha comme Laetitia Mukungu, Andrew Mupuya et Thato Kgatlhanye. Aujourd’hui ce sont des modèles reconnus et célébrés dans le monde entier », a déclaré Reeta Roy, Président et PDG de The MasterCard Foundation. « Nous sommes heureux de prolonger le Prix Anzisha pour que plus de jeunes entrepreneurs africains puissent avoir un impact durable dans leur communauté et leur pays. »


Chaque année, 12 finalistes gagnent un séjour de deux semaines en Afrique du Sud pour suivre une formation à l’African Leadership Academy et se partagent une bourse de 75 000 $. Le nom du grand gagnant est annoncé lors d’un dîner de gala, où il reçoit 25 000 $ pour développer son entreprise. À partir de 2015, les Boursiers Anzisha seront activement soutenus par la Youth Entrepreneur Support Unit (YES-U), récemment créée et basée à l’African Leadership Academy et qui regroupe les principales pépinières d’entreprises du continent. Le mentorat, le conseil, les réunions communautaires et les opportunités de voyage définiront ensuite l’expérience des Boursiers tout au long du développement de leur entreprise. De nouveaux programmes consacrés à d’autres domaines de la chaîne de valeur des jeunes entrepreneurs seront bientôt annoncés.


La phase de candidature s’achèvera le 15 avril 2015 et les nominations sont encouragées. Le Prix Anzisha est une des opportunités panafricaines les plus accessibles et les plus ouvertes pour les jeunes de toutes origines. Les formulaires de candidature et les informations sont disponibles en anglais, français, portugais et arabe. De plus, l’équipe du Prix Anzisha se rendra dans les principales villes et sollicitera les médias locaux dans chaque région. Enfin, plus de 25 organisations partenaires sont là pour aider les candidats dans les pays où l’équipe ne pourra pas se rendre. Les candidatures papier et électroniques sont acceptées.


« Peu de programmes ayant la portée et le potentiel du Prix Anzisha se concentrent à ce point sur cette tranche d’âge, remarque Josh Adler, directeur du Centre for Entrepreneurial Leadership de l’African Leadership Academy et responsable du programme Anzisha. Cette année, nous allons voir les différentes parties de l’écosystème dans lequel nous avons investi depuis 2010 vraiment commencer à travailler ensemble dans l’intérêt des jeunes entrepreneurs africains, où qu’ils soient ! »


Vous pouvez suivre l’histoire du Prix Anzisha de cette année en ligne (, sur Facebook (, Twitter ( et YouTube (


Distribué par APO (African Press Organization) pour le Anzisha Prize.



Contacts pour la presse :

Melissa Mbazo – liaison média, Prix Anzisha

E-mail : / +27 11 699 3000




À propos du Prix Anzisha

Le Prix Anzisha ( est géré par le Centre for Entrepreneurial Leadership (centre pour un leadership entrepreneurial) de l’African Leadership Academy, qui a été fondé dans le cadre d’un partenariat pluriannuel avec The MasterCard Foundation. En instaurant le Prix Anzisha, les organisateurs ont souhaité promouvoir l’esprit d’innovation et d’entreprise auprès de la jeunesse africaine.


À propos de l’African Leadership Academy

L’African Leadership Academy (ALA) souhaite transformer l’Afrique en développant un réseau puissant de chefs d’entreprise qui travailleront ensemble pour avoir un impact social considérable. Chaque année, l’ALA réunit les jeunes leaders les plus prometteurs des 54 pays d’Afrique dans le cadre d’un programme pré-universitaire qui se tient en Afrique du Sud et dont les trois principales disciplines sont le leadership, l’esprit d’entreprise et les études africaines. L’ALA accompagne ces leaders tout au long de leur vie en leur fournissant des formations continues et en les mettant en relation avec des réseaux, où force humaine et capitaux se réunissent pour permettre des changements de grande envergure. Pour en savoir plus, rendez-vous sur


À propos de The MasterCard Foundation

The MasterCard Foundation est une organisation indépendante internationale basée à Toronto, au Canada, et possédant plus de 9 milliards de dollars d’actifs.  En coopération avec des partenaires répartis dans 57 pays, elle offre la possibilité à ceux qui le souhaitent d’apprendre et de s’épanouir. Les programmes de la Fondation encouragent l’inclusion financière et font progresser l’apprentissage des jeunes, essentiellement en Afrique. Créée en 2006 grâce à la générosité de MasterCard Worldwide à l’occasion de sa transformation en société anonyme avec appel public à l’épargne, la Fondation est une entité distincte et indépendante. Les politiques, les activités et les décisions en matière de financement de la Fondation sont déterminées par son propre Conseil d’administration ainsi que par son PDG.  Pour en savoir plus sur la Fondation, rendez-vous sur


Images et contenu

Une médiathèque complète contenant des logos, des photos et des entretiens est disponible sur


Entretiens exclusifs avec les candidats locaux prometteurs

Lorsque nous aurons reçu les candidatures, le Prix Anzisha souhaiterait vous mettre en relation avec les candidats les plus prometteurs de votre région pour que vous puissiez les interviewer.  Si vous êtes intéressés, merci de contacter l’équipe du Prix Anzisha.


Pour plus d’informations et les mises à jour régulières



Anzisha Prize


Ebola : l’épidémie n’est pas encore endiguée – des points clés restent à résoudre


PARIS, France, 3 mars 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ L’épidémie d’Ebola dans les pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest se poursuit, mais diminue en intensité. Alors que le nombre de nouveaux patients est en baisse au Libéria, les chiffres continuent de fluctuer en Guinée et en Sierra Leone. Dans la semaine du 22 février 2015, 99 nouveaux cas confirmés ont été signalés dans les trois pays les plus touchés. Le virus a infecté plus de 23 700 personnes à travers la région depuis le début de l’épidémie, il y a 11 mois. En raison de sa nature imprévisible, les équipes de Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) maintiennent une approche flexible et continuent à intervenir dans les zones où les besoins sont les plus importants, en Guinée, au Libéria et en Sierra Leone.


Guinée : la population locale toujours réticente face aux messages sur la santé


En Guinée, 35 nouveaux cas confirmés ont été enregistrés la semaine dernière, selon l’OMS. La plupart proviennent de la capitale, Conakry. Malgré des campagnes de sensibilisation à grande échelle, bon nombre de communautés se montrent toujours réticentes quant aux messages de santé publique partagés par les autorités et les organisations internationales. Les équipes de MSF ont été confrontées à quelques incidents de sécurité en février à Faranah et dans plusieurs villages. Un véhicule de MSF a notamment été incendié, tandis que des équipes ont subi des jets de pierre. « Les gens ont peur du virus et beaucoup dans la communauté ne font plus confiance au système de santé », explique Claudia Evers, coordinatrice d’urgence pour MSF en Guinée. « Les récentes attaques contre des travailleurs humanitaires montrent que nous devons encore améliorer notre approche en matière de sensibilisation ».


Malgré ces difficultés, MSF a accru ses capacités et déployé deux équipes mobiles dans les préfectures de Faranah et de Boffa pour évaluer la situation épidémiologique. Ces deux régions n’ont pas été suffisamment couvertes par les systèmes de surveillance et nous savons que la résistance de la communauté y est élevée. « Nous devons poursuivre notre travail et discuter avec les personnes influentes dans la communauté afin d’avoir accès aux villages », déclare Claudia Evers. « C’est essentiel si nous voulons endiguer l’épidémie. » En Guinée, il est toujours très difficile d’identifier les personnes ayant été en contact avec des malades et les chaînes de transmission.


MSF gère actuellement deux centres de prise en charge d’Ebola en Guinée – l’un à Guéckédou et l’autre à Conakry – et mène aussi des activités de surveillance, de mobilisation sociale et de formation au contrôle des infections.


Libéria : manque d’accès aux soins de santé pour d’autres maladies mortelles


C’est au Libéria que la baisse du nombre de cas d’Ebola a été la plus importante, avec seulement huit cas confirmés enregistrés dans le pays à l’heure actuelle. Trois patients suspectés d’avoir été infectés par le virus sont actuellement hospitalisés dans le centre de traitement d’Ebola ELWA 3 de MSF à Monrovia. Les équipes de MSF se concentrent désormais sur les besoins des survivants, qui sont confrontés à de multiples séquelles physiques et psychologiques. Nous avons ouvert une clinique qui sert des repas spécialement adaptés à leurs besoins.


Le système sanitaire déjà fragile du Libéria a été terriblement affecté par l’épidémie, qui a causé la fermeture de nombreux hôpitaux. En mars, MSF va ouvert un hôpital pédiatrique de 100 lits à Monrovia pour les enfants souffrant de problèmes de santé sans lien avec Ebola.

Alors que les structures sanitaires commencent à rouvrir, le contrôle des infections sera crucial pour contribuer à restaurer la confiance du public dans le système de santé. MSF soutient la réhabilitation et les mesures de contrôle des infections à l’hôpital David Jr. Memorial à Monrovia et a déployé un médecin et deux infirmières pour y aider à améliorer la qualité des soins. Ailleurs à Monrovia, MSF gère des activités de prévention des infections dans 16 cliniques. Ces activités comprennent la mise en place de zone de triage, de zones d’isolement et la formation à la prise en charge médicale, et aux mesures en assainissement des eaux pour le personnel. Dans six autres cliniques, MSF apporte un soutien au contrôle des infections.


Des équipes mobiles mettent en œuvre des activités de promotion de la santé dans la banlieue de Monrovia de New Gardnersville, Bardnesville et New Georgia. Elles forment également du personnel de santé local au triage et contrôle des infections, et comblent les lacunes en matière de soins de santé de base. On observe aussi d’importantes lacunes au niveau des soins maternels et de la traumatologie d’urgence. En outre, il n’y a pas assez de lits pour hospitaliser les patients. « Pour reconstruire les systèmes sanitaires de la région, la première étape consiste à restaurer et à améliorer l’accès aux soins de santé », explique Dr Adi Nadimpalli, responsable des programmes de MSF au Libéria.

Des campagnes de vaccination contre les maladies évitables sont urgemment requises. Nous avons observé des épidémies de rougeole dans les comtés de Lofa, Margib et Montserrado, où MSF assiste le ministère de la santé dans la surveillance et la prise en charge des cas. Des cas suspects de coqueluche ont aussi été enregistrés dans le comté de Maryland. « Il est important de répondre immédiatement à ces flambées de maladies infectieuses, plutôt que d’attendre l’apparition d’une épidémie plus importante », poursuit Dr Adi Nadimpalli.


Sierra Leone : la priorité passe des centres Ebola à la communauté


La Sierra Leone reste le pays le plus touché par Ebola, avec 63 nouveaux cas confirmés signalés dans sept districts dans la semaine allant jusqu’au 25 février 2015. Il reste des zones sensibles dans le Nord-Ouest du pays ainsi qu’à Freetown, la capitale densément peuplée.


La semaine dernière, la réponse de MSF en Sierra Leone a pris une autre direction, avec la fermeture de deux des centres de traitement d’Ebola de MSF – l’un à Kailahun, à l’extrême-ouest du pays, l’autre à Freetown. Le centre de Kailahun a fermé ses portes le 20 février après que la fin de l’épidémie a été déclarée dans le district, plus aucun cas n’ayant été enregistré depuis le 12 décembre. Le centre « Prince de Galles », à Freetown, a mis fin à ses activités le 23 février, le gouvernement ayant demandé la démolition et la décontamination de tous les centres de traitement d’Ebola construits dans des écoles, en vue de la reprise des cours prévue à la fin du mois.


Étant donné que davantage de centres Ebola sont gérés par d’autres organisations dans le pays, MSF a désormais l’opportunité d’axer sa réponse là où elle est la plus nécessaire et la plus difficile à apporter, c’est-à-dire auprès de la communauté. « La fermeture des centres nous a permis de réaffecter nos ressources, qui se consacrent désormais à des activités communautaires telles que la surveillance, la recherche des personnes ayant été en contact avec des malades et la promotion de la santé », indique Dana Krause, coordinatrice d’urgence pour MSF en Sierra Leone.


Parallèlement, MSF a déployé des équipes supplémentaires dans les nouvelles zones sensibles apparues à Freetown, et une équipe de surveillance transfrontalière est active dans le district de Kambia, qui borde la Guinée, où quelque 10 000 personnes traversent la frontière chaque semaine.


« Un système élargi de surveillance sanitaire doit être mis en place à travers la région si nous voulons mettre un terme à l’épidémie », affirme Dana Krause. « Le nombre de nouveaux cas en Sierra Leone reste alarmant et les semaines à venir seront cruciales. »


Fin janvier, MSF a ouvert un service de maternité pour les femmes enceintes souffrant d’Ebola à Kissy, à la périphérie de Freetown. L’unité permet aux équipes médicales de fournir des soins spécialisés pour les femmes enceintes qui ont suspectés ou porteuse du virus. Le gouvernement est désireux de garder ce service spécialisé, a décidé de le transférer en dehors du Methodist Boys High School.


Activités de recherche et développement en cours

Un essai clinique portant sur le traitement expérimental favipiravir est en cours dans les centres de traitement d’Ebola de MSF en Guinée. Parallèlement, d’autres pistes sont étudiées. Un essai est notamment en cours à Conakry. Les patients y reçoivent du plasma sanguin de volontaires ayant survécu à la maladie. En mars, toujours en Guinée, MSF commencera l’étude d’un vaccin expérimental contre Ebola. « Tous ces efforts devraient conduire à des innovations pouvant être utilisées dans les pays concernés », indique Bertrand Draguez, directeur des opérations médicales pour MSF. « Elles seront cruciales pour protéger la population dans le cadre de cette épidémie et des épidémies futures. »



Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)


Bundesregierung ruft malische Parteien zu Unterzeichnung des Friedensabkommens auf


BERLIN, Germany, March 3, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Zur Paraphierung eines Friedensabkommens durch die malische Regierung und einen Teil der bewaffneten Gruppen am 1. März 2015 in Algier erklärte eine Sprecherin des Auswärtigen Amts heute (03.03.) in Berlin:


“Mit der Paraphierung des Friedensabkommens ist auch dank monatelanger Anstrengungen durch die internationalen Mediatoren unter Führung von Algerien ein bedeutender Schritt hin zu einem dauerhaften und nachhaltigen Frieden in Mali gelungen.


Alle Parteien, die dies noch nicht getan haben, sind nachdrücklich aufgefordert, das schwer errungene Abkommen nun ebenfalls schnell zu paraphieren. Das ist auf absehbare Zeit die beste Chance für Frieden und eine Grundlage für Versöhnung und Entwicklung für die Menschen in ganz Mali.”



Germany – Ministry of Foreign Affairs


Climat – Afrique – Participation de Mme Annick Girardin à la conférence ministérielle africaine sur l’environnement (Le Caire, 4 mars 2015)


PARIS, France, 3 mars 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ Quai d’Orsay – Déclarations du porte-parole – 3 mars 2015


Mme Annick Girardin, secrétaire d’Etat chargée du développement et de la Francophonie, se rendra au Caire les 4 et le 5 mars pour participer à la conférence ministérielle africaine sur l’environnement.


Mme Annick Girardin soulignera, conformément à l’appel de Manille lancé par le président de la République et son homologue philippin le 26 février, la nécessité d’agir de manière efficace dans la solidarité et la justice. L’accord attendu en décembre à Paris devra répondre aux attentes de tous les pays, notamment des plus vulnérables. Il devra faciliter une réduction des émissions compatible avec l’objectif des 2°C, mais également permettre aux pays de s’adapter aux effets du dérèglement climatique, notamment par des financements appropriés.


L’Afrique est le continent qui a le moins contribué aux émissions de gaz à effet de serre, mais c’est aussi un de ceux qui en subissent le plus les conséquences, notamment en termes de désertification, de montée des eaux ou de déforestation.


Lors de son déplacement, Mme Annick Girardin s’entretiendra également avec les ministres égyptiens de l’environnement et de la coopération, et débattra avec des étudiants francophones des enjeux du développement et du dérèglement climatique.



France – Ministry of Foreign Affairs

2014 sees flydubai achieve increased revenues of USD 1.2 billion up 19.1% and profits of USD 68 million

•          14% increase in passenger numbers between 2013 and 2014 in Africa

•          100% increase in number of routes in Africa

•          Schedule increased to 63 flights a week across 12 points in North and East Africa

Dubai, UAE, March 3, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ flydubai (, in its fifth year of operation, today announced its Annual Results for 2014 and reported a net profit of AED 250 million (USD 68 million) an increase of 12.3% compared to 2013 with total revenue of AED 4.4 billion (USD 1.2 billion) for the 12-month period, ending 31 December.


Photo 1:
(Chief executive Officer of flydubai, Ghaith Al Ghaith)

Photo 2:
(flydubai fleet 2015)

Last year saw flydubai, in support of the economic development of the UAE, remain focused on its long-term strategy to open up new routes by expanding opportunities for travel, maintaining efficient operations across its network and continuing to deliver a better customer experience.

His Highness Sheikh Ahmed Bin Saeed Al Maktoum, Chairman of flydubai, said: “the UAE has firmly established itself as a centre of gravity for aviation.  We have long recognised the importance of aviation to our economic growth.  flydubai continues to make a key contribution to our economy in particular as a result of its strategy to open up previously underserved routes.”

His Highness Sheikh Ahmed Bin Saeed Al Maktoum, Chairman of flydubai, commenting on the Annual Results added: “recording its profitability for the third consecutive full year, the 2014 Results show that the recent order for more aircraft as well as investments in the offering on the ground and in the air have been the right strategy for the airline. flydubai’s role in the aviation sector is now being recognised beyond the region.”

Ghaith Al Ghaith, Chief Executive Officer of flydubai, reflecting on last year, said: “2014 saw flydubai open up a record number of new routes in what was a demanding year. To have achieved what we have achieved is significant. The continued investment in our people and operations has strengthened our business and ensures that we are well positioned for sustained growth in the future.   It is good to see that more passengers than ever before are travelling with us.”

Operational Performance

Passenger numbers: showing growing demand for its services from its passengers across its network, flydubai carried 7.25 million passengers in 2014 and has carried 24.3 million since it launched its operations.  It saw an increase in passenger numbers between 2013 and 2014 in Africa (14%), Central Asia (57%), Europe (11%) and the Subcontinent (11%).

Network: in a year that saw the airline add 23 new routes, creating a network of 86 destinations, flydubai also increased frequency on many of its existing routes. Weekly flight frequencies to Beirut increased from 14 to 21, to Kuwait from 53 to 77, to Muscat from 28 to 41, to Salalah from 3 to 5 and Tbilisi which went to a daily service. The airline now operates 1,400 flights per week.

Its network across its geographic focus grew by the number of routes in Africa (100%), in Central Asia (66%), Europe including Russia (40%), the GCC (7%), Middle East (30%) and in the Subcontinent (38%).

flydubai offers one of the most comprehensive networks in the GCC with 608 weekly flights across 16 points in the region.

Having recognised the potential of the emerging markets in North and East Africa the schedule increased to 63 flights a week across 12 points.

Flights started to the regional economic hubs of Almaty and Moscow further strengthening trade and tourism opportunities with the UAE and onwards to Africa and the Subcontinent.

With the launch of four new points in India, flydubai saw 70% growth in passenger numbers and there remains much opportunity.

Aircraft deliveries: All aircraft delivered since August 2013 have been configured with Business Class. flydubai took delivery of eight new Next-Generation Boeing 737-800 aircraft  and ended the year with a fleet of 43 aircraft.

In October, it completed to schedule its rolling retrofit programme to configure the existing aircraft in its fleet with Business Class. The first seven aircraft it received between 2009 and 2010 were not part of the retrofit programme.

Business Class: flydubai ended the year with 70% of its routes offering Business Class.  During the course of the year ahead, it will announce the remaining routes to receive this service and together with the successful completion of the 12-month retrofit programme flydubai will be able to offer a consistent product for its passengers across its network. It also enhanced the business class offering on the ground with the opening of the flydubai Business Lounge at Terminal 2, Dubai International.

Results from the onboard survey and 35 customer touch point measures have shown that 99% of Business Class passengers would fly again and 93% would recommend flydubai. In line with the strategy that led to the launch of Business Class 38% of passengers chose flydubai due to the direct air link. The reason for travel was 37% for business and 39% for leisure with 39% of Business Class passengers being repeat flyers.

Terminal 2, Dubai International: The extension and refurbishment of Terminal 2 has provided a better customer experience. To further enhance the convenience of the airport 15 self-service kiosks have been opened for all passengers travelling to the routes that allow this facility.

Al Maktoum International: the 80-day period of the runway enhancement project between May and July at Dubai International saw flydubai operate a number of flights from this airport ensuring additional capacity for its passengers during this period.  With the successful completion of the project all of flydubai’s operations resumed from Terminal 2, Dubai International on schedule.

Staff numbers: flydubai continued to strengthen its experienced team increasing the number of staff to 2,883 including 571 pilots, 1,235 cabin crew and 221 engineers representing more than 111 nationalities across flydubai’s workforce.

Awards: flydubai received a number of Awards during the year recognising its easy to use, technically advanced inflight entertainment system, the achievement of its Cargo division to introduce electronic Air Waybills (e-AWB) across its operations, two Awards for the debut Sukuk issuance as well as the recognition for excellence in its sector by CAPA, the Centre for Aviation.

Ghaith Al Ghaith commenting on flydubai’s operational performance said, “the changing economic landscape not only makes demands on the business but also provides us with opportunities. Achieving a balance as a result of the speed with which we are able to respond to the changing global economic environment is reflected in our operational performance as we are well set to create a network of more than 100 destinations. It is important for us to continue to recognise this global rebalancing as we grow our fleet, expand our network and evolve our business model.”

Cost Performance

Total revenue and operating income increased by 19.1% to AED 4.4 billion (USD 1.2 billion) with a capacity increase (ASKM) of 9.3%.

EBITDAR(1) growth is in line with the increase in revenue and is at a healthy rate of revenue at 22.1%.

Fuel remains the single largest cost at 36% of the total operating costs and though lower than the previous year has benefited from the downward trend in fuel prices starting from the last quarter of 2014.  Currently 30% of fuel requirements for 2015 are hedged.

Other ancillary revenue items including inflight entertainment, onboard sales, seat preferences, checked baggage allowance, car rental, hotel bookings, travel insurance and visa facilitation services continue to be strong and comprise 14.4% of total revenue.

flydubai Cargo has secured ACC3 EU certification which will allow the airline to transport Cargo to the new European routes.   The busiest cargo routes include Colombo, Doha, Juba, Kiev, Kuwait and Muscat. Continued demand for cargo services saw an average of 3,000 tons carried each month and revenue growth was 11.8% compared to 2013.

Financing: flydubai continued its strategy to diversify its sources of funding. In November it issued a landmark debut Sukuk transaction successfully raising $500 million.  The 5-year Sukuk was six times oversubscribed demonstrating the strong international investor appetite for this paper.   Funds will be used for general corporate purposes and refinancing.

Outlook for 2015

2015 will continue to be a demanding year due to the global socio-economic landscape.  flydubai will see the remaining aircraft from its 2008 order delivered. As in 2014, flydubai launched its first new service of the year to Saudi Arabia.  This saw the first international flight land at Nejran on 10 January and became flydubai’s 12th point in Saudi Arabia.  In March, a three times a week service to Chennai in India will start.

Ghaith Al Ghaith, commenting on the outlook for flydubai, said: “we will end 2015 with a fleet of 50 aircraft. Together with the new route launches this is an endorsement of the strategy we set out at the beginning and underlines the achievements of the past six years. I’m grateful to the team at flydubai for helping us to ensure that we are well positioned for sustained growth in the years ahead as we start to prepare for the new deliveries in 2016 and the first deliveries of the 737 MAX 8s in 2017 bringing further efficiency to our fleet.”

(1) EBITDAR is calculated as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortisation and rental costs.

Distributed by APO (African Press Organization) on behalf of flydubai.

For further information, please contact:

Houda Al Kaissi, Senior Press officer; (+971) 56 683 0336; Email:

About flydubai:

Dubai-based flydubai ( strives to remove barriers to travel and enhance connectivity between different cultures across its ever-expanding network. Since launching its operations in 2009, flydubai has:

•          Created a network of more than 90 destinations in 46 countries, with 23 new routes launched in 2014.

•          Opened up 57 new routes that did not previously have direct air links to Dubai or were not served by a UAE national carrier from Dubai.

•          Built up a fleet of more than 45 new aircraft and will take delivery of more than 100 aircraft by the end of 2023, all of which will be Boeing 737-800s.

In addition, flydubai’s agility and flexibility as a young airline has enhanced Dubai’s economic development, in line with the Government of Dubai’s vision, by creating trade and tourism flows in previously underserved markets.

For more information about flydubai services, please visit



Posted by: africanpressorganization | 3 March 2015

Vatican / Visite Ad Limina des Evêques nord-africains


Vatican / Visite Ad Limina des Evêques nord-africains


VATICAN, Saint-Siège, 3 mars 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ Le Pape François a reçu les Evêques d ‘Afrique du Nord (Maroc, Algérie, Tunisie et Libye), en conclusion de leur visite Ad Limina. Dans le discours qu’il leur a remis, il a d’emblée évoqué l’histoire d’une région marquée par de nombreuses figures de sainteté depuis Cyprien et Augustin, patrimoine spirituel de toute l’Eglise, jusqu’au bienheureux Charles de Foucauld, dont on fêtera l’an prochain le centenaire de la mort: “Depuis plusieurs années l’Afrique du Nord connaît des évolutions significatives, qui permettaient alors d’espérer voir se réaliser certaines aspirations à une plus grande liberté et à la dignité et favoriser une plus grande liberté de conscience. Mais parfois aussi ces évolutions ont conduit à des déchaînements de violence. Je voudrais saluer particulièrement le courage, la fidélité et la persévérance des évêques de Libye, ainsi que des prêtres, des personnes consacrées et des laïcs qui demeurent dans le pays malgré les dangers multiples. Ils sont d’authentiques témoins de l’Evangile. Je les en remercie vivement, et je vous encourage tous à poursuivre vos efforts pour contribuer à la paix et à la réconciliation dans toute” l’Afrique du Nord. Votre Conférence, poursuit-il, “est un lieu d’échange et de concertation important, mais elle doit aussi être un instrument de communion qui permet d’approfondir des relations fraternelles et confiantes entre vous. Votre pèlerinage à Rome est une heureuse occasion pour renouveler votre engagement commun au service de la mission de l’Eglise dans chacun de vos pays. Cette mission vous l’accomplissez avec vos prêtres, vos collaborateurs directs. Originaires de nombreux pays, il leur est parfois difficile de s’adapter à des situations très nouvelles pour eux. Il est donc particulièrement nécessaire que vous soyez proches de chacun d’entre eux et attentifs à leur formation permanente pour qu’ils puissent vivre leur ministère pleinement et sereinement… Les religieuses et les religieux ont aussi une place de choix dans la vie et la mission de vos Eglises. Je leur suis reconnaissant de leur témoignage de vie fraternelle et de leur engagement si généreux au service de leurs frères et soeurs”.

“Au coeur de votre mission et à la source de votre espérance, il y a d’abord la rencontre personnelle avec Jésus Christ et la certitude qu’il est à l”uvre dans le monde où vous avez été envoyés en son nom. La vitalité évangélique de vos diocèses dépend donc de la qualité de la vie spirituelle et sacramentelle de chacun”. Au long des siècles, nombre de fidèles “ont tout donné à Dieu et à leurs frères jusqu’au sacrifice de leur vie. Il vous revient de développer cet héritage spirituel d’abord parmi vos fidèles, mais aussi en l’ouvrant à tous. Je me réjouis d’ailleurs de savoir que ces dernières années, plusieurs sanctuaires chrétiens ont pu être restaurés en Algérie. En y accueillant chacun avec bienveillance et sans prosélytisme, vos communautés manifestent qu’elles veulent être une Eglise aux portes ouvertes, toujours en sortie… L’universalité est aussi une caractéristique de vos Eglises, dont les fidèles viennent de nombreuses nations pour former des communautés bien vivantes… C’est aussi pour vous une occasion de vous émerveiller devant l”uvre de Dieu, qui se répand parmi tous les peuples et dans toutes les cultures. Je voudrais apporter mes encouragements aux nombreux jeunes étudiants venant d’Afrique sub-saharienne, qui forment une partie importante de vos communautés. En demeurant forts dans la foi ils seront capables d’établir avec tous des liens d’amitié, de confiance et de respect et ils contribueront ainsi à l’édification d’un monde plus fraternel”.

Passant au dialogue inter-religieux, il souligne ensuite combien il constitue une part importante de la vie de l’Eglise catholique nord-africaine: “L’imagination de la charité sait ouvrir d’innombrables chemins pour porter le souffle évangélique dans les cultures et dans les milieux sociaux les plus divers… Vous savez combien la méconnaissance mutuelle est la source de tant d’incompréhensions et parfois même d’affrontements. Pourtant, comme l’a écrit Benoît XVI dans l’exhortation Africae Munus, si nous tous, croyants en Dieu, désirons servir la réconciliation, la justice et la paix, nous devons ‘uvrer ensemble pour bannir toutes les formes de discrimination, d’intolérance et de fondamentalisme confessionnel. L’antidote le plus efficace contre toute forme de violence est l’éducation à la découverte et à l’acceptation de la différence comme richesse et fécondité. Aussi est-il indispensable que dans vos diocèses prêtres, religieuses et laïcs soient formés dans ce domaine. Et à ce propos, je suis heureux de relever que l’Institut pontifical d’études arabes et islamiques, qui célèbre cette année son cinquantième anniversaire, est né à Tunis. Soutenir et utiliser cette institution si nécessaire pour s’imprégner de la langue et de la culture permettra d’approfondir un dialogue en vérité et dans le respect entre chrétiens et musulmans. Le dialogue, vous le vivez aussi au jour le jour avec les chrétiens de diverses confessions”. Citant également l’Institut oecuménique Al Mowafaqa (Maroc) qui promeut le dialogue oecuménique et inter-religieux, le Pape rappelle que ses hôtes animent une Eglise de la rencontre et du dialogue, au service de tous sans distinction. “Avec des moyens souvent modestes, vous manifestez la charité du Christ et de l’Eglise auprès des plus pauvres, des malades, des personnes âgées, des femmes dans le besoin ou des prisonniers. Je vous remercie vivement pour la part que vous prenez afin de venir en aide aux nombreux migrants originaires d’Afrique qui cherchent dans vos pays un lieu de passage ou d’accueil. En reconnaissant leur dignité humaine, et en travaillant à réveiller les consciences face à tant de drames humains, vous manifestez l’amour que Dieu porte à chacun d’entre eux”. Assurant enfin les évêques du soutien de toute l’Eglise, il redit à ses hôtes qu’ils ont une mission de périphérie: “Votre témoignage de vie dans la simplicité et la pauvreté est un signe éminent pour toute l’Eglise. Soyez sûrs que le Successeur de Pierre vous accompagne sur votre rude chemin et qu’il vous encourage à être toujours des hommes de l’espérance”.



Vatican Information Service (VIS)


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