Tripoli Declaration / 3rd Africa EU Summit
TRIPOLI, Libya, December 1, 2010/African Press Organization (APO)/ — 3rd Africa EU Summit
We, Heads of State and Governments of Africa and the European Union, representing
more than 1.5 billion citizens have gathered in Tripoli on 29 – 30 November 2010
determined to seize together new opportunities for broader and mutually beneficial
The Partnership between Africa and the European Union is one of the most enduring
global relationships and is of strategic significance to both sides. We will continue the
work launched at the Cairo Summit in 2000 and Lisbon Summit in 2007, where we
decided to put our relations on a new, equal and strategic level. We confirm the Joint
Africa –EU Strategy as the framework for our future cooperation and adopt the Action
Plan 2011 – 13 as our new commitment to the realisation of this Partnership.
With many states celebrating fifty years of independence, Africa is more than ever on the
eve of a fundamental evolution offering new opportunities and perspectives towards
enhanced integration and improved sustainable development, within the framework of the
African Union that aspires for a united, peaceful and prosperous continent. At the same
time, the Treaty of Lisbon marks a new phase for the European Union. Both
developments further enhance and strengthen the Africa –EU partnership.
Since we met 3 years ago, the world has undergone an accelerated process of
globalisation and faced an unprecedented financial and economic crisis. This requires our
Partnership to be more responsive and to take an increasing part in the reform of the
global governance system, including availing wider opportunity for Africa and the EU to be
fairly represented. Our partnership should guide the transformations the world needs:
tackle the effects of climate change, conflict prevention, good governance, achieve a
sustainable energy market including investment particularly in renewable energy
resources, develop infrastructure, provide food security, achieve the Millennium
Development Goals, combat HIV/AIDS, address the realities and challenges of migration
and its links to development, as well as to promote gender equality. We step-up our joint
efforts especially in encouraging investment growth, creating employment and work for
the young generations entering the labour market, notably in Africa.
Spreading the success of entrepreneurship, we are committed to promoting the private
sector as a key driver of inclusive and sustainable economic growth and an important
actor in providing for more equal and balanced development. To flourish, this private
investment needs, a transparent and well–governed business environment, partnerships
with the public sector, better productivity, social protection of workers both in formal and
informal economies, together with reinforced efforts of education and technology transfer
in order to promote a knowledge based Society. We recognize the equally important
dimension of regional integration for growth and development and commit to conclude
Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) that support socio-economic development,
regional integration and the integration of Africa into the global economy.
Mindful of the additional efforts needed to reach the Millennium Development Goals in
Africa by 2015, we will reinvigorate our concerted efforts to address all MDG targets,
taking account of those countries and targets most off track and paying particular
attention to the most vulnerable and marginalised people. We consider that all available
financing for development, both domestic and external, traditional as well as innovative,
need to support sustainable economic growth and employment in Africa which are key for
achieving the MDGs.
2010 being the African year of peace and security, we attach utmost importance to all
efforts of conflict prevention, reconciliation, justice and post conflict reconstruction and
development for the sake of people undergoing conflict. As the international community
marks the 10th anniversary of UN Security Council Resolution 1325, both sides and
stressed the role of women in efforts to achieve sustainable peace and security. Peace
and security remain a cornerstone of our cooperation. We are committed to making the
African Peace and Security Architecture fully operational in close collaboration with the
regional organizations. As regards AU lead Peace operations, it was agreed to work
towards ensuring flexible, predictable and sustainable funding.
We will continue our concerted efforts to bring the Somali conflict to an end, to stabilize
the internal situation and to promote timely post-conflict reconstruction and development
efforts. To these ends, we will continue working together in support of a strengthened
AMISOM, as well as of the Somali Security Forces, extending support to the TFG in the
framework of a reinvigorated comprehensive political strategy. On Sudan, we emphasise
the urgency and importance of ensuring that all elements of the CPA, including those
concerning Abyei, South Kordofan and Blue Nile, are implemented in a timely, peaceful
and credible manner, in particular the referendum on South Sudan whose results should
be accepted by all. Furthermore, we encourage all parties to progress with the post
referendum issues. In this context, we welcome the leadership of the AU in close
cooperation with the UN as well as the support provided by the AUHIP led by President
Mbeki, and by IGAD. We welcome in particular the progress made and agreements
reached on the framework regarding outstanding CPA issues.
Our cooperation will continue to build on our common values and goals in pursuit of good
governance, democracy and the rule of law. We firmly condemn all unconstitutional
changes of governments which, alongside bad governance, are one of the main causes of
instability. We are united in the fight against impunity at national and international level
and the protection of human rights on both continents. We emphasize the need to
strengthen national legal systems and the international cooperation in the pursuit of
justice, peace and reconciliation, including the prosecution of the most serious crimes of
concern to the international community, taking into cognizance the positions of the African
and the European Union. We condemn all forms of terrorism and will cooperate closely in
addressing this international threat and its various sources of financing. We also condemn
intolerance in all its forms and will address this phenomenon as well as cooperate closely,
including in the UN, in addressing trans-national threats of, inter-alia, piracy, dumping of
toxic waste, organized crime and illegal trafficking, including human trafficking. We jointly
agree to address Maritime security challenges of particular concern to both continents
including pollution of seas and oceans.
Africa and the EU will work together to ensure more effective participation and improved
cooperation in international bodies, including the United Nations General Assembly, and
the G20. We will further strengthen our high level political dialogue aiming at a better
coordinated approach and joint positions in international negotiations. We emphasize the
importance of an effective multilateralism and reaffirm our determination to ensure that
multilateral institutions are the main fora for international cooperation on peace and
security, human rights and democracy and on global governance. In this context, we
recognize the need to pursue the reform of the main UN bodies with a view to making the
overall UN system more effective and transparent and which should be reflective of the
substantial changes the international community and UN membership have undergone.
We welcome the results of the numerous side-events which have contributed to the
success of this Summit and which demonstrate the dynamics of our Strategic Partnership
and the effective involvement of a broad range of stakeholders. We also take careful note
of recommendations from these events.
We positively note that the EU accounts for more than a half of global ODA and reaffirms
its commitment to increasing its aid spending to reach the collective target of 0.7% of
Gross National Income by 2015. We also welcome, based on the average flow of EU
ODA for Africa per year, both by Member States and the EU, and following existing
commitments for the period of the next three years, that more than € 50 billion of ODA will
be made available to support the overall objective of this Partnership.
We express our gratitude to the Leader of the Revolution and people of the Great
Socialist Peoples’ Libyan Arab Jamahiriya for the care, hospitality and attention extended
to the participants of this Summit.
We decide to reconvene in Brussels in 2013.