Posted by: africanpressorganization | 23 November 2011

Second session of the African Union Conference of Ministers of Transport (CAMT-II) / THEME: Consolidating the Transport Sector for the Stimulation of Economic Integration of Africa”


 

Second session of the African Union Conference of Ministers of Transport (CAMT-II) / THEME: Consolidating the Transport Sector for the Stimulation of Economic Integration of Africa”

 

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, November 23, 2011/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Invitation to representatives of the media

 

 

WHAT: The African Union Member States Ministers in charge of Transport will meet to convene the Second Ministerial Session of Transport.

 

WHEN: 24-25 November 2011

 

WHERE: Luanda, Angola, at Talatona Convention Center

 

WHO: Organized by the Department of Infrastructure and Energy of the African Union Commission (AU-IED), and hosted by the Government of Angola.

 

OBJECTIVES: Main objectives of the CAMT II:

–    To review implementation of the various sub-sectors plans of action;

–    To identify constraints as well as challenges needs to be resolved to facilitate speedy execution of transport development activities;

–     To provide strategic guidance to the AUC and all stakeholders on the appropriate actions to be taken for a coherent development of the transport sector in the continent.

–    To adopt the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) transport component.

 

 

Expected outcomes: Major expected outcomes of CAMT-II:

–    African Common Aviation Policy (AFCAP)

–    Strategy and plan of action for speeding up implementation of the Yamoussoukro decision on liberalization of Air Transport markets;

–    Inter-Governmental Agreement on Road Standards in Africa;

–    Decision on the implementation of the United Nations Road Safety Decade in Africa.

 

Participants:

African Ministers Responsible for Transport; Chief Executive Officers of African Regional and Continental transport sectors; AU Commission; NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NPCA); Regional Economic Communities (RECs); African Development Bank (AfDB); United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UN-ECA) and development partners, among others.

 

 

Background:

 

It has been highlighted on the first Strategic Plan of the African Union Commission (AUC), 2004 – 2007 that infrastructure development as a major priority in the efforts to accelerate socio-economic development and integration of Africa. In that context, the transport sector was considered an important vehicle for facilitating the spatial and sectoral linkages that are essential for realising the desired growth and continental integration. Hence, a special thematic programme known as “Linking Africa” was formulated within the Strategic Plan with transport as its key component.

 

The transport sector has continued to enjoy its special place as the AUC Strategic Plan was rolled over into its second phase (2009 – 2012). This is due to a clear understanding of economic dynamics that without cost-effective physical linkages, Africa will never succeed in achieving any meaningful development that would lift its peoples out of poverty and earn them a respectable place in the global economic system. As well, the unity of Africa envisaged by its founding fathers would remain just a dream.

 

Notable developments have taken place in the transport sector, but the overall state of the transport industry in Africa has not changed significantly. Transport costs in Africa remain among the highest in the world, which clearly undermines the competitiveness of African products on both local and international markets. According to recent studies, the transport cost as a share of value of exports in Africa ranges between 30% and 50%. In landlocked countries, it can reach three-quarters of the value of exports. This compares rather unfavourably with the average of other developing countries which is around 17%.

 

The land transport network comprising of roads and railways has average densities amounting to only 6 km and 0.2 km per 100 sq. km respectively. More than 60% of the existing continental road network is unpaved with much of it being of non-engineered gravel and earth quality. Moreover, less than 40% of the paved network is in good condition.

 

The railway networks consist of mostly single-track lines running from interior to coast with few inter-linkages. The engineering of the networks was done at the turn of the century to facilitate the passage of steam-engine trains. Bare minimum upgrading has been undertaken since then to enable the operation of longer trains pulled by diesel and diesel/electric locomotives most of which are now obsolete. Moreover, the African railway network is constructed on a multiple of track gauges the prominent being two (standard: 1,435 mm and metric: 1,000 mm / 1,067 mm).

 

With regard to air transport Africa has the fastest growing industry in the world especially following the market liberalisation brought about by the adoption and implementation of the November 1999 Yamoussoukro Decision (YD). Despite the slow and hesitant implementation of the YD, a number of countries have granted each other, albeit on bilateral basis, the fifth freedom of the air that allows airlines to carry passengers to third countries. Also, there has been an emergence of several private air operators which have taken up much of the share of domestic and regional flights of the previous national carriers. Creation of such regional airlines as the ASKY in West Africa is the most notable highlight of the success of the YD.

 

SOURCE 

African Union Commission (AUC)


Categories

%d bloggers like this: