Posted by: APO | 13 June 2011

Africa’s progress belongs to Africa / Overseas Development Institute (ODI)


Africa’s progress belongs to Africa / Overseas Development Institute (ODI)

LONDON, United-Kingdom, June 13, 2011/African Press Organization (APO)/ — ‘Progress in African development happens best when it is lead by African states and citizens’ is the message from a new global research project released by the Overseas Development Institute. The Mapping Progress report identifies the crucial role of effective leadership, smart policies, proper institutional foundations and international partnerships in driving development and calls for a new outlook on development. The report highlights star performers, surprise performers and potential performers across the continent for their progress in various areas including growth, agriculture, healthcare, education and sanitation.

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ODI Director Alison Evans said:

“Looking across all of these tremendous examples we can see that the most transformative and sustainable developments have occurred when the commitment to change has come from African countries and communities.

“This has happened in a number of ways – from the quality of political and technical leadership, to the quality and quantity of financing to specific innovations in delivery.

“The world’s perception of Africa needs to change and we hope that this report will show a continent making great strides towards a brighter future.”

The drivers of development

Smart leadership – Transformation in Ghana, Rwanda and Brazil would not have happened without Presidents Rawlings, Kagame and Lula.

Smart policies – Progress has involved a changing role for government away from controlling (markets and prices) to facilitating and enabling (investment and production), and, in the best cases empowering citizens. Policies have been built on clear vision or national strategy and have been evidence based.

Smart institutions – In many countries, progress has been achieved through governance reforms that have decentralised and strengthened local institutions. Reforms have not only led to improved service delivery but also enabled more effective revenue collection and management of public finances.

Smart friends – Effective international partnerships can be important catalysts for progress.  These partnerships can take various forms beyond aid, including the transfer of knowledge and technology, international trading relations and diplomatic interventions.

Development Progress Stories include:

Ghana (Star performer)

Government-led reforms of the domestic cocoa market have driven a tremendous record of agricultural growth – averaging over 5% for the last 25 years. Ghana is on track to meet Millennium Development Goal 1 – halving rates of poverty and malnutrition by 2015. Having raised food production per capita by more than 80% since the early 1980s, Ghana is largely self-sufficient in staple foods.

Star performers, such as Ghana, have shown sustained progress for more than two decades. By diversifying products and services they have added considerable value to national performance.  Star countries display a more mature level of development and are now beginning to face challenges more common to developed countries such as environmental degradation, aging populations and non-communicable diseases.  Other Star perfomers include Bhutan, Thailand, Brazil and Uganda.

Ethiopia (Surprise performer)

Since emerging from civil war in 1991, Ethiopia has significantly improved access to education for its population. Primary school enrolment rates have risen by more than 13 million since 2005. A sustained Government commitment matched by increased spending, allowing the removal of school fees, has triggered this astonishing rise.  Other surprise performers are Rwanda, Cambodia, Laos and Somaliland.

Surprise performers such as Ethiopia have delivered progress against the odds, often recovering from crisis and war or dealing with ongoing conflict, challenging political situations and highly inaccessible topography.  The surprise elements of progress in these countries often lie in the speed of recovery, sometimes allowing them to eclipse previous levels of development.

Malawi (Potential performer)

Malawi has the potential to deliver significant progress towards its development over the next decade according to a newly published global research project. The country’s recent progress in providing economic stability has begun to have a positive effect on development indicators, placing Malawi in the top 20 performers on several of the Millennium Development Goals.  Growth of over 7% per year for most of the last decade and a steady fall in rates of inflation suggest a bright future for the country. Potential performers such as Malawi have shown recent examples of progress, often achieved over a short period of time.  Progress may be limited to individual sectors or regions. Whilst these countries have already produced impressive results they now need to sustain them into the future. Other potential performers include Benin, Malawi and Burkina Faso.

Distributed by the African Press Organization on behalf of the Overseas Development Institute

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Resources:

Mapping Progress report full PDF version here: http://www.developmentprogress.org/global-report

Development Progress Stories: Country case studies are free to download from: http://www.developmentprogress.org

Contact:

ODI –
Jonathan Tanner: +44 (0)20 79220431 or j.tanner@odi.org.uk

ODI – Ryan Flynn: +44 (0)20 7922 0421 or r.flynn@odi.org.uk

Interviews with ODI authors can be arranged on request.

Notes to Editors:

1.     Development Progress Stories targets national-level progress that is equitable and sustainable, and where beneficiaries are a significant share of the population. Each case study details a specific country’s achievements in one of eight major areas of development: economic conditions, health, water and sanitation, education, governance, environmental conditions, agriculture and rural development, and social protection.

2.     Methodology: To develop the stories, ODI research teams spent several months on qualitative and quantitative research, assessing more than 250 examples of countries across the eight sectors. Stories were selected based on an extensive analysis of development indicators, and more than 100 experts, drawn from academia, donor agencies and civil society organisations in both the North and the South, were consulted. Stories identified were passed between quantitative and qualitative research teams for cross-checking, and vetted by the project’s external review panel.

3.     ODI is the UK’s leading independent think-tank on international development and humanitarian issues.  Its mission is to inspire and inform policy and practice which lead to the reduction of poverty, the alleviation of suffering and the achievement of sustainable livelihoods in developing countries.  Locking together high-quality applied research, practical policy advice and policy-focused dissemination and debate, ODI works with partners in the public and private sectors, in both developing and developed countries.  Further details can be found on the ODI website (www.odi.org.uk).

This research is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.


Overseas Development Institute
111 Westminster Bridge Road, London SE1 7JD, UK
Tel: +44 (0)20 7922 0300 | Fax: +44 (0)20 7922 0399

Registered charity number 228248

SOURCE

Overseas Development Institute (ODI)


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