Posted by: africanpressorganization | 18 October 2010

Somalia / Communique of the 245th meeting of the Peace and Security Council




Somalia / Communique of the 245th meeting of the Peace and Security Council



ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, October 18, 2010/African Press Organization (APO)/ — The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 245th meeting held at

ministerial level, on 15 October 2010, adopted the following decision on the situation in



1. Takes note of the Report of the Chairperson of the Commission on the situation in

Somalia [PSC/MIN/1(CCLXIII)], as well as the statements made by the representatives of the

Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia, the United Nations, IGAD, Uganda and

Burundi as Troop Contributing Countries (TCCs), the European Union and the United States ;

2. Recalls all its previous decisions and press statements on the situation in Somalia;

3. Reiterates its commitment to respect for the unity, territorial integrity and

sovereignty of Somalia, and reaffirms its full support to the TFG. Council reiterates further

the commitment of the AU to continue to provide political and diplomatic support to the

TFG, work towards enhancing security to create a more conducive environment for the

Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs) to discharge their obligations, assist the TFG in the

effective reestablishment of governmental institutions, including security and police forces

and public institutions, and facilitate humanitarian action, while providing, within its means,

assistance to needy Somalis;

4. Welcomes the appointment by the Chairperson of the Commission, in line with

relevant IGAD and AU decisions, of former President Jerry John Rawlings of Ghana as the AU

High Representative for Somalia, and appeals to the Somali parties and all AU partners to

extend full cooperation to President Rawlings as he works to galvanize, both within and

outside the continent, increased support for efforts to promote peace and reconciliation in

Somalia. To this end, Council encourages the High Representative to work in close

cooperation and coordination with IGAD and the countries of the region, as well as with the

UN and other AU partners;

5. Expresses concern over the prevailing security situation in Mogadishu, in particular,

and in Somalia, in general, and condemns, in the strongest terms, the unabating violence,

human rights violations and other heinous acts of violence, including indiscriminate mortar

attacks, suicide bombings and targeted assassinations against the Somali people, the TFG

and AMISOM, with the guidance and support of foreign elements, as well as the spread of

such criminal actions in the region and beyond as attested by the despicable Kampala

bombings of 11 July 2010;

6. Expresses concern over the worsening humanitarian situation in Mogadishu and

other parts of Somalia, marked by declining access, intimidation and attacks against

humanitarian workers by al Shabaab and Hizbul Islam, in violation of international

humanitarian law, and reduced funding for humanitarian activities. Council pays tribute to


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all humanitarian agencies and workers in Somalia, expresses appreciation to the countries

and organizations providing support for humanitarian activities in that country, and urges

members of the international community to respond generously and with the flexibility

required to the Consolidated Appeal for Somalia;

7. Reiterates the commitment of the AU to respecting the sanctity of human life, as

articulated in the AU Constitutive Act, and with particular reference to the AU’s efforts in

Somalia, reaffirms the AU’s commitment to fully adhere to, and respect, International

Humanitarian Law (IHL) in AMISOM’s operations In this respect, and as part of the overall

efforts to better protect civilians, Council encourages the Commission to mainstream the

draft AU Guidelines for the Protection of Civilians in Peace Support Missions, developed

following the Symposium held in Addis Ababa from 3 to 5 March 2010,into the activities of

AMISOM as the Mission does its utmost to avoid collateral civilian casualties;

8. Further reiterates AU’s commitment to respect for, and promotion, of human rights

on the continent and, in this regard, welcomes the steps so far taken by the African

Commission on Human and Peoples Rights (ACPHR) regarding the situation in Somalia. In

this respect, Council urges the TFG to respond positively to the request made by the ACPHR

to send a factfinding mission to Somalia to investigate human rights violations, so that the

visit can take place in earnest;

9. Notes the efforts exerted in addressing the problem of piracy and armed robbery at

sea off the coast of Somalia, including relevant Security Council resolutions, the current

naval operations in the area and regional efforts, and stresses that any lasting solution to

this problem requires that the underlying problems within Somalia itself and that other

equally serious scourges affecting the livelihoods and wellbeing of the Somali people, in

particular, the dumping of toxic waste and illegal fishing off the coast of Somalia, be

effectively and swiftly addressed. Council requests the Commission to pursue and intensify

its efforts towards a comprehensive approach to the issue of piracy, based on relevant AU

decisions and the conclusions of the workshop on maritime security and safety held in Addis

Ababa on 4 and 5 April 2010, including the elaboration and conclusion of an international

convention on the issue of piracy within the framework of the UN General Assembly.

Council further requests the Commission to establish a technical working group to analyse

and make an input to UN initiatives regarding the prosecution and imprisonment of persons

responsible for acts of piracy and armed robbery at sea, with the view to making them more

comprehensive. Council also requests that the mobilization, including in terms of resources,

displayed by the international community in the fight against piracy and armed robbery at

sea, be also channelled in support of the ongoing efforts by the AU on the mainland;

10. Notes with serious concern the recent political developments, notably the wrangling

and divisions within the leadership of the TFIs, the impasse in the Transitional Federal

Parliament (TFP), the intervening delay in the implementation of the transitional tasks under

the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC) and the Djibouti process, which combined have

seriously undermined the ability of the TFIs to effectively discharge their responsibilities and

efforts so far deployed to promote peace, security, stability and reconciliation. Council

emphasizes that the Somalis, in particular their leaders, have the primary responsibility for


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the restoration of peace, security and stability in their country and strongly urges the

leadership of the TFIs and all other stakeholders, in the best interest of Somalia, to show

selfless leadership, resolve and unity of purpose, for without such dispositions, no amount

of external assistance will make it possible to effectively turn around the situation in


11. Takes note of the appointment of a new Prime Minister designate, and calls on the

TFIs to move with deliberate speed to:

(i) ensure the confirmation of the new Prime Minister by the TFP and the

formation of a new Government,

(ii) develop a roadmap regarding the management of the remaining transition

period, with clear political, security and reconstruction priorities, in line with

the Djibouti process,

(iii) expeditiously complete the outstanding transitional tasks, including the

constitutional process which should be finalized with nationwide

consultations and input from the Diaspora, bearing in mind that 20 August

2011 will mark the end of the transitional period,

(iv) continue to reach out to all peaceembracing Somalis, in a spirit of

inclusiveness, bearing in mind that the Djibouti peace process remains the

sole basis for peace and reconciliation in Somalia. Council strongly urges the

TFG and the Ahul Sunna Wal Jama’a (ASWJ) to take the necessary steps for

the speedy and full implementation of their commitments under the

Agreement they signed in Addis Ababa, on 15 March 2010, and

(v) urgently endorse the draft National Security and Stabilization Plan and the

Security Sector Assessment Report, in order to ensure national ownership

and to enable partner support for their implementation;

12. Requests the Chairperson of the Commission, through his Special Representative for

Somalia, to broaden consultations with Somaliland and Puntland, as part of the overall

efforts to promote stability in those regions and further peace and reconciliation in Somalia

as a whole;

13. Notes the commendable efforts made by the Commission towards the

implementation of the decisions of the 15th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union

held in Kampala, from 25 to 27 July 2010, and, in this regard, endorses the

recommendations outlined in paragraphs 62 to 75 of the Report of the Chairperson of the

Commission on the situation in Somalia, which once implemented will enable the Mission,

within the framework of an enhanced mandate, to better support the peace and

reconciliation process, including the achievement of the remaining transitional tasks, the

improvement of the security situation, to enable the TFIs discharge their responsibilities to

assist in the establishment of effective governmental institutions, including security and


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police forces and public institutions, and to support and facilitate peacebuilding recovery

and humanitarian efforts. More specifically, Council endorses the new force strength of

20,000, with the requisite air and maritime capabilities (paragraph 68), the enhanced police

component of 1,680, comprising 560 police experts on mission and eight (8) Formed Police

Units (FPUs) of 140 each (paragraph 74), and an enhanced civilian component;

14. Urgently calls on Member States to provide the required military and other

personnel, including police, for AMISOM to reach its newly authorized strength, as well as to

contribute to the mobilization of the necessary logistical and financial resources, bearing in

mind the need for Africa to demonstrate renewed determination and sense of solidarity

with Somalia, one of the OAU founding members;

15. Appreciates the invaluable support, including political, financial and logistical,

provided so far by the international community, in particular the United Nations and other

AU partners, including the European Union and its member States, the League of Arab

States, the United States and other bilateral partners, which has made ongoing AU efforts

for Somalia possible, and further calls on them and, in particular, the Security Council to

take the decisions now required of it in line with its primary responsibility for the

maintenance of international peace and security, by:

(i) endorsing the revised concept of operations and newlyauthorized strength

of AMISOM, namely, 20,000 troops for the military component, 1,680 for the

police component, comprising 560 police experts on mission and 8 Formed

Police Units of 140 each, and an enhanced civilian component,

(ii) authorizing an enhanced support package for AMISOM, funded through UN

assessed contributions, on the basis of the newlyauthorized strength, and

catering for reimbursements for Contingent Owned Equipment (COE),

including minor and major equipment, and the payment of troop allowances

at UN rates, in order to ensure adequate, predictable and sustainable support

to the Mission. In addition, Council requests that such support be availed to

the Mission both within and outside Somalia, as required,

(iii) imposing, in response to the request by the AU and the region, a naval

blockade and a nofly zone over Somalia to prevent the entry of foreign

elements into Somalia, as well as flights and shipments carrying weapons and

ammunitions to armed groups inside Somalia which are carrying out attacks

against the TFG, AMISOM and the Somali population. In this respect, Council

urges the Security Council to request the naval operations undertaken off the

coast of Somalia and with its authorization, to provide a more direct and

tangible support to AMISOM, the modalities of which will be subsequently

defined between the concerned countries and organizations, on the one

hand, the AU, on the other,

(iv) ensuring the effective implementation of sanctions against all those impeding

the peace and reconciliation process in Somalia, in particular through


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financial, material and logistical support to groups waging attacks against the

TFG, the Somali people and AMISOM,

(v) approaching the issue of piracy off the coast of Somalia in a holistic manner,

with the view to effectively addressing its underlying causes and other

equally serious threats which affect the livelihood and well being of the

Somali people, in particular illegal fishing and dumping of toxic substances

and waste off the coast of Somalia,

(vi) reaffirming its commitment to deploy a UN peacekeeping operation in

Somalia through the rehatting of AMISOM and to urgently establish a

timeline for this deployment;

16. Calls on the larger international community, including the League of Arab States, the

European Union and its member States, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the

United States and other bilateral partners to continue to provide political, financial and

other support for AMISOM and the TFG. Council also stresses the critical importance for

continued and enhanced technical, logistical and financial support for the TFG security

forces and police, to enable them to fully discharge their role, as well as the need for

adequate support in the areas of capacity building for other sectors of governance, including

administration, early recovery and reconstruction, notably within the framework of the

Istanbul Declaration;

17. Reiterates, once again, its appreciation to the Governments of Burundi and Uganda

for their unwavering commitment to the advancement of the cause of peace and

reconciliation in Somalia and welcomes their commitment and readiness to contribute more

troops and resources to AMISOM. Council commiserates with the Governments of the

Republics of Burundi and Uganda and the families of those soldiers who have paid the

ultimate price in our pursuit of peace, stability and reconciliation in Somalia;

18. Calls on other Member States to contribute troops and other personnel required for

the Mission. Council commends the troop generation efforts of the Commission and also

requests the Commission to further intensify this and related efforts aimed at guaranteeing

the availability of the required resources for the potential Troop Contributing Countries;

19. Notes with satisfaction and gratitude the notable contributions of different AU

organs and institutions, in particular the African Union InterAfrican Bureau for Animal

Resources (AUIBAR) and AMISOM for the dedication and good work done in supporting the

peace, security, reconciliation and recovery efforts in Somalia. Council expresses deep

appreciation to the Special Representative of the Chairperson of the Commission (SRCC),

Ambassador Boubacar Gaoussou Diarra, the military and police leadership of the Mission

and all AMISOM personnel for their dedication and commitment;


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20. Requests the Chairperson of the Commission to transmit this communiqué to the

UN Security Council to seek its support and to actively engage all AU partners to mobilize

further support for the ongoing efforts in Somalia;

21. Decides to remain seized of the matter.



African Union Commission (AUC)


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