Posted by: africanpressorganization | 1 February 2010

UN Security Council / Resolution 1910 (2010) on Somalia

 


 

 

UN Security Council / Resolution 1910 (2010) on Somalia

 

 

NEW YORK, February 1, 2010/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Resolution 1910 (2010) Adopted by the Security Council at its 6266th meeting, on 28 January 2010

The Security Council,

Recalling all its previous resolutions and statements of its President

concerning the situation in Somalia,

Recalling its resolutions 1674 (2006), 1738 (2006) and 1894 (2009) on the

protection of civilians in armed conflict, 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009) and

1889 (2009) on women and peace and security, and 1612 (2005) and 1882 (2009) on

children and armed conflict,

Reaffirming its respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political

independence and unity of Somalia,

Reiterating its commitment to a comprehensive and lasting settlement of the

situation in Somalia,

Reiterating its full support for the Djibouti Peace Process, which provides the

framework for reaching a lasting political solution in Somalia, expressing its support

for the Transitional Federal Charter, recognizing the need to promote reconciliation

and dialogue among the Somali population and stressing the importance of broadbased

and representative institutions reached through a political process ultimately

inclusive of all,

Commending the contribution of the African Union Mission to Somalia

(AMISOM) to lasting peace and stability in Somalia, expressing its appreciation for

the continued commitment of troops and equipment to AMISOM by the

Governments of Uganda and Burundi, and condemning any hostilities towards

AMISOM and the Transitional Federal Government,

Commending the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Mr. Ahmedou

Ould-Abdallah, and reaffirming its strong support for his efforts,

Welcoming the communiqué of the 214th meeting of the African Union Peace

and Security Council of 8 January 2010, which renewed the mandate of AMISOM

for an additional period of twelve months,

Reaffirming the importance of the re-establishment, training, equipping and

retention of Somali security forces, which is vital for the long-term stability of

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Somalia, and emphasizing the importance of coordinated, timely and sustained

support from the international community,

Strongly encouraging the prompt disbursement of funds pledged in support of

the Somali security institutions and AMISOM at the International Conference on

Somalia held in Brussels on 23 April 2009, and recognizing the importance of

timely and predictable funding for the Transitional Federal Government and

AMISOM,

Reiterating its serious concern at the continued fighting in Somalia, and

reaffirming its support for the Transitional Federal Government,

Condemning the terrorist attacks on the Transitional Federal Government,

AMISOM and the civilian population by armed groups and foreign fighters who

undermine peace and stability in Somalia, particularly Al Shabaab, and stressing the

terrorist threat that Somali armed groups, in particular Al Shabaab, constitute for

Somalia and for the international community,

Emphasizing the importance of effective public information and

communications operations to support the Transitional Federal Government and

AMISOM and consolidate the political process, and expressing its serious concern

at the continued attacks against journalists,

Reiterating its serious concern at the worsening humanitarian situation in

Somalia, strongly condemning the targeting and obstruction of the delivery of

humanitarian aid by armed groups in Somalia, which has prevented the delivery of

such aid in some areas, deploring the repeated attacks on humanitarian personnel,

expressing its condemnation in the strongest terms of all acts of violence or abuses

committed against civilians and humanitarian personnel, in violation of international

humanitarian law and human rights law, and reaffirming the importance of the fight

against impunity,

Expressing its concern at the significant decline in humanitarian funding for

Somalia and calling on all Member States to contribute to current and future

consolidated humanitarian appeals,

Condemning all and any violations of human rights and international

humanitarian and human rights law, stressing the responsibility of all parties in

Somalia to respect fully their obligations in this regard and to take appropriate

measures to protect civilians, including women and children, and recalling the

conclusions of the Security Council working group on Children and Armed Conflict

pertaining to parties in the armed conflict of Somalia (S/AC.51/2008/14),

Recalling its resolution 1897 (2009), recognizing that the ongoing instability in

Somalia contributes to the problem of piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast

of Somalia, stressing the need for a comprehensive response to tackle piracy and its

underlying causes, by the international community, including through the training of

the Somali coastguard, and welcoming the efforts of the Contact Group for Piracy

off the Coast of Somalia, States and international and regional organizations,

Welcoming the Secretary-General’s report dated 31 December 2009

(S/2009/684), and its recommendations for continued action on the political,

security and recovery tracks by the Transitional Federal Government with the

support of the international community,

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Determining that the situation in Somalia constitutes a threat to international

peace and security in the region,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

1. Decides to authorize the Member States of the African Union to maintain

AMISOM until 31 January 2011, which shall be authorized to take all necessary

measures to carry out its existing mandate as set out in paragraph 9 of resolution

1772 (2007);

2. Requests the African Union to maintain AMISOM’s deployment in

Somalia and to increase its force strength with a view to achieving AMISOM’s

originally mandated strength of 8,000 troops, thereby enhancing its ability to carry

out its mandate in full;

3. Requests AMISOM to continue to assist the Transitional Federal

Government in the development of the Somali Police Force and the National

Security Force, and to assist the integration of Somali units trained by other member

States or organizations inside and outside Somalia;

4. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to provide a logistical support

package for AMISOM called for by resolution 1863 (2009), comprising equipment

and services, including public information support, but not including the transfer of

funds, as described in the Secretary-General’s letter (S/2009/60) to the Security

Council until 31 January 2011, ensuring the accountability and transparency of

expenditure of United Nations funds;

5. Encourages Member States to support AMISOM and the Somali Security

Sector Institutions through the provision of appropriate and necessary equipment;

6. Requests AMISOM to ensure that all equipment and services provided

under the support package are used in a transparent and effective manner for their

designated purposes, and further requests the African Union to report to the

Secretary-General on the usage of such equipment and services in accordance with

the Memorandum of Understanding established between the United Nations and the

African Union;

7. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to provide technical and

expert advice to the African Union in the planning and deployment of AMISOM

through the existing United Nations planning team in Addis Ababa;

8. Urges Member States and regional and international organizations to

contribute generously and promptly to the United Nations Trust Fund for AMISOM,

or to make direct bilateral donations in support of AMISOM, and encourages donors

to work closely with the United Nations and African Union in order to ensure that

the appropriate funds and equipment are promptly provided, particularly in relation

to the salaries of AMISOM soldiers and the costs of contingent-owned equipment;

9. Recalls its statement of intent regarding the establishment of a United

Nations peacekeeping operation as expressed in resolution 1863 (2009), and notes

that any decision to deploy such an operation would take into account inter alia the

conditions set out in the Secretary-General’s report dated 16 April 2009

(S/2009/210), and requests the Secretary-General to take the steps identified in

paragraphs 82-86 of his report (S/2009/210), subject to the conditions in this report;

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10. Emphasizes that Somalia’s long-term security rests with the effective

development by the Transitional Federal Government of the National Security Force

and the Somali Police Force, in the framework of the Djibouti Agreement and in line

with a national security strategy;

11. Urges Member States, regional and international organizations to

contribute generously and promptly to the United Nations Trust Fund for the Somali

security institutions, and to offer assistance to the Somali security forces, including

through training and equipment in coordination with AMISOM, consistent with

paragraphs 11 (b) and 12 of resolution 1772 (2007);

12. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to assist the Transitional

Federal Government in developing the transitional security institutions, including

the Somali Police Force, and the National Security Force, and to continue to support

the Transitional Federal Government in developing a national security strategy,

which reflects respect for the rule of law and the protection of human rights,

including plans for disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR), justice

and corrections capacities, as well as the legal and policy framework for the

operation of its security forces including governance, vetting and oversight

mechanisms;

13. Reaffirms that the measures imposed by paragraph 5 of resolution 733

(1992) and further elaborated upon by paragraphs 1 and 2 of resolution 1425 (2002)

shall not apply to supplies and technical assistance provided in accordance with

paragraph 11 (b) and 12 of resolution 1772 (2007) to the Transitional Federal

Government for the purposes of the development of its security sector institutions,

consistent with the Djibouti peace process and subject to the notification procedure

set out in paragraph 12 of resolution 1772 (2007);

14. Reiterates its call on all Somali parties to support the Djibouti

Agreement, and calls for the end of all hostilities, acts of armed confrontation and

efforts to undermine the Transitional Federal Government;

15. Welcomes the efforts of the Transitional Federal Government on

reconciliation, urges the Transitional Federal Government to continue and

strengthen these efforts in the framework of the Djibouti Agreement with all groups

willing to cooperate and ready to renounce violence, and requests the Secretary-

General, through his Special Representative for Somalia, to continue to work with

the international community to facilitate reconciliation;

16. Calls for the immediate cessation of all acts of violence or abuses

committed against civilians and humanitarian personnel in violation of international

humanitarian law and human rights law;

17. Calls on all parties and armed groups to take appropriate steps to ensure

the safety and security of humanitarian personnel and supplies, and demands that all

parties ensure full, safe and unhindered access for the timely delivery of

humanitarian aid to persons in need of assistance across the country;

18. Requests the Secretary-General, through his Special Representative for

Somalia and the United Nations Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS), to redouble

their efforts to coordinate effectively and develop an integrated approach to all

activities of the United Nations system in Somalia, to provide good offices and

political support for the efforts to establish lasting peace and stability in Somalia,

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and to mobilize resources and support from the international community for both the

immediate recovery and long-term economic development of Somalia taking into

account the recommendations contained in his report (S/2009/684);

19. Calls on the Transitional Federal Government to take every appropriate

measure to improve security conditions in Somalia and requests the Secretary-

General to expedite the proposed deployment of elements of UNPOS and other

United Nations offices and agencies, including the United Nations Support Office

for AMISOM (UNSOA), to Mogadishu consistent with the security conditions, as

outlined in his report (S/2009/210);

20. Requests the Secretary-General to report on all aspects of this resolution

every four months commencing 1 January and expresses its intention to review the

situation, as part of his reporting obligations, as specified in the statement of the

President of the Security Council of 31 October 2001 (S/PRST/2001/30) and

Security Council resolution 1872 (2009);

21. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

 

SOURCE 

UNITED NATIONS


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