Posted by: APO | 17 October 2007

Cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union

United Nations A/RES/61/296

General Assembly Distr.: General

5 October 2007

Sixty-first session

Agenda item 108 (a)

06-51213

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly

[without reference to a Main Committee (A/61/L.70 and Add.1)]

 

61/296. Cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union

 

The General Assembly,

Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on cooperation between

the United Nations and regional and other organizations,1

Recalling the provisions of Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations,

as well as its resolutions 55/218 of 21 December 2000, 56/48 of 7 December 2001,

57/48 of 21 November 2002 and 59/213 of 20 December 2004,

Recalling also the principles enshrined in the Constitutive Act of the African

Union adopted at the meeting of the Heads of State and Government of the African

Union, held in Lomé from 10 to 12 July 2000,2

Recalling further the decisions and declarations adopted by the Assembly of

the African Union at all its ordinary and extraordinary sessions, held in Durban,

South Africa, on 9 and 10 July 2002,3 in Maputo from 10 to 12 July 2003,4 in Addis

Ababa from 6 to 8 July 2004,5 in Abuja on 30 and 31 January 2005,6 in Sirte, Libyan

Arab Jamahiriya, on 4 and 5 July 2005,7 in Khartoum on 23 and 24 January 2006,8

and in Banjul on 1 and 2 July 2006,9

Welcoming the adoption of the African Union Non-Aggression and Common

Defence Pact at the fourth ordinary session of the Assembly of the African Union,6

as an instrument to reinforce cooperation among States members of the African

_______________

1 A/61/256 and Add.1.

2 United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2158, No. 37733.

3 See A/57/744, annex III.

4 See A/58/626, annex I.

5 See African Union, documents Assembly/AU/Dec.33–54 (III) and Assembly/AU/Decl.12 & 13 (III).

6 See African Union, documents Assembly/AU/Dec.55–72 (IV) and Assembly/AU/Dec.1–2 (IV).

7 See African Union, documents Assembly/AU/Dec.73–90 (V), Assembly/AU/Dec.1–3 (V) and

Assembly/AU/Resolution 1 (V).

8 See African Union, documents Assembly/AU/Dec. 91–110 (VI), Assembly/AU/Dec.1–3 (VI) and

Assembly/AU/Recommendations (VI).

9 See African Union, documents Assembly/AU/Dec. 111–132 (VII) and Assembly/AU/Decl.1–4 (VII).

A/RES/61/296

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Union in the areas of defence and security and that can in particular contribute to

the work of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union and its cooperation

with the United Nations,

Welcoming also the adoption of the framework for the ten-year capacitybuilding

programme for the African Union set out in the declaration on enhancing

United Nations-African Union cooperation, signed in Addis Ababa on

16 November 2006 by the Secretary-General and the Chairperson of the African

Union Commission, 10 which highlights the key areas for cooperation between the

African Union and the United Nations, namely institution-building, human

resources development, youth unemployment, financial management, peace and

security issues, political, legal, social, economic, cultural and human development

and food security and environmental protection, as an important step to further

enhance the level of cooperation between the two organizations,

Acknowledging the decision of the African Union Peace and Security Council

at its 68th meeting, held on 14 December 2006, on the establishment of a

coordination and consultation mechanism between the African Union Peace and

Security Council and the United Nations Security Council, taking note of

discussions between the United Nations Security Council and the African Union

Peace and Security Council held in June 2007, and welcoming the agreement to hold

joint meetings at least once a year,11

Welcoming, while taking into account the role of the General Assembly, the

statements by the President of the Security Council of 19 November 2004 on the

institutional relationship with the African Union12 and of 28 March 2007 on the

relationship between the United Nations and regional organizations, in particular the

African Union, in the maintenance of international peace and security, 13

Bearing in mind the United Nations Declaration on the New Partnership for

Africa’s Development, contained in its resolution 57/2 of 16 September 2002, and

its resolutions 57/7 of 4 November 2002, 58/233 of 23 December 2003, 59/254 of

23 December 2004, 60/222 of 23 December 2005 and 61/229 of 22 December 2006

on the New Partnership,

Stressing the urgent need to address the plight of refugees and internally

displaced persons in Africa,

Stressing also the need for extending the scope of cooperation between the

United Nations and the African Union in the area of combating illegal exploitation

of natural resources in Africa,

Emphasizing the importance of the effective, coordinated and integrated

implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration, 14 the Doha

Development Agenda,15 the Monterrey Consensus of the International Conference

on Financing for Development,16 the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit

_______________

10 A/61/630, annex.

11 See S/2007/386, annex.

12 S/PRST/2004/44; see Resolutions and Decisions of the Security Council, 1 August 2004–31 July 2005.

13 S/PRST/2007/7; see Resolutions and Decisions of the Security Council, 1 August 2006–31 July 2007.

14 See resolution 55/2.

15 See A/C.2/56/7, annex.

16 Report of the International Conference on Financing for Development, Monterrey, Mexico,

18–22 March 2002 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.02.II.A.7), chap. I, resolution 1, annex.

A/RES/61/296

3

on Sustainable Development (“Johannesburg Plan of Implementation”)17 and the

2005 World Summit Outcome,18

Welcoming the efforts to enhance cooperation within the framework of a

partnership between the peace and security structures of the United Nations and the

African Union in the realm of conflict prevention and resolution, crisis

management, peacekeeping and post-conflict peacebuilding in Africa,

Acknowledging the significant contribution of the 1999 Algiers Convention on

the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism, and noting the centrality of

international partnership and cooperation between the African Union, the relevant

United Nations organs and the wider international community in the global fight

against terrorism,

Acknowledging also the contribution of the United Nations Liaison Office in

strengthening coordination and cooperation between the United Nations and the

African Union, as well as the need to consolidate it so as to enhance its

performance,

Convinced that strengthening cooperation between the United Nations and the

African Union will contribute to the advancement of the principles of the Charter of

the United Nations, the principles of the Constitutive Act of the African Union and

the development of Africa,

1. Takes note with appreciation of the report of the Secretary-General;1

2. Stresses the need for closer cooperation and coordination between the

United Nations system and the African Union, in accordance with the Cooperation

Agreement as well as other relevant memorandums of understanding between the

two organizations, particularly in the implementation of the commitments contained

in the United Nations Millennium Declaration14 and the 2005 World Summit

Outcome18 and as regards achieving the internationally agreed development goals,

including the Millennium Development Goals, at the national, subregional and

regional levels;

3. Invites the Secretary-General to request all relevant United Nations

agencies, funds and programmes to intensify their efforts to support cooperation

with the African Union, including through the implementation of the protocols to

the Constitutive Act of the African Union2 and the Treaty establishing the African

Economic Community,19 and to assist in harmonizing the programmes of the African

Union with those of the African regional economic communities with a view to

enhancing regional economic cooperation and integration;

4. Also invites the Secretary-General to request the United Nations system

to enhance its support for the Commission of the African Union in the

implementation of its Strategic Plan (2004–2007);

5. Requests the United Nations system, while acknowledging its primary

role in the promotion and maintenance of international peace and security, to

intensify its assistance to the African Union, as appropriate, in strengthening the

_______________

17 Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, South Africa,

26 August–4 September 2002 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.03.II.A.1 and corrigendum),

chap. I, resolution 2, annex.

18 See resolution 60/1.

19 A/46/651, annex.

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institutional and operational capacity of its Peace and Security Council and in

coordinating with other international partners when needed, in particular in the

following areas:

(a) Development of its early warning system, including the Situation Room

of the Peace and Security Directorate;

(b) Training of civilian and military personnel, including a staff exchange

programme;

(c) Regular and continued exchange and coordination of information,

including between the early warning systems and mediation mechanisms of the two

organizations;

(d) Peace support missions of the African Union in its various member

States, in particular in the area of communication and other related logistical

support;

(e) Capacity-building for peacebuilding before and after the cessation of

hostilities on the continent;

(f) Support for the Peace and Security Council in taking humanitarian action

on the continent in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the

Protocol relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council;

(g) The full establishment of the African standby force and the military staff

committee;

(h) Enhancement of the institutional capacity of regional peace support

training centres for States members of the African Union;

(i) Cooperation between the United Nations Security Council and the

African Union Peace and Security Council;

6. Calls upon the United Nations system to support the African Union and

its member States in their efforts to implement the internationally agreed

development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals;

7. Calls for the implementation of the declaration on enhancing United

Nations-African Union cooperation: framework for the ten-year capacity-building

programme for the African Union,10 and in this regard, requests the Secretary-

General to take appropriate measures to strengthen the capacity of the United

Nations Secretariat and to implement its mandate with respect to meeting the special

needs of Africa;

8. Recognizes the need for sustainable and predictable financing and

operational and logistical support for African Union peacekeeping operations and

the crucial role the United Nations has to play with the international community to

work towards a solution quickly, and to that end urges the United Nations to

encourage donor countries, in consultation with the African Union, to contribute to

adequate funding, training and logistical support for African countries in their

efforts to enhance their peacekeeping capabilities, with a view to enabling those

countries to participate actively in peacekeeping operations within the framework of

the Protocol relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council and the

framework of the United Nations, and looks forward to the report of the Secretary-

General on these issues;

9. Stresses the urgent need for the United Nations and the African Union to

develop close cooperation and concrete programmes aimed at addressing the

A/RES/61/296

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problems posed by illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons and antipersonnel

mines, within the framework of the relevant declarations and resolutions

adopted by the two organizations;

10. Calls upon the United Nations system, the African Union and the

international community to intensify their cooperation in the global fight against

terrorism through the implementation of the relevant international and regional

treaties and protocols and, in particular, the African Plan of Action adopted in

Algiers on 14 September 2002, as well as their support for the operation of the

African Centre for Studies and Research on Terrorism, inaugurated in Algiers in

October 2004;

11. Calls upon the United Nations system to intensify its efforts, in

collaboration with the African Union, in combating illegal exploitation of natural

resources, particularly in conflict areas, in accordance with relevant resolutions and

decisions of the United Nations and the African Union;

12. Encourages the United Nations system to effectively support the efforts

of the African Union by urging the international community to strive for the

successful and timely completion of the Doha round of trade negotiations, including

negotiations aimed at substantial improvements in areas such as trade-related

measures, including market access and regional economic integration, to promote

sustainable growth in Africa;

13. Invites the United Nations system to enhance its support for African

countries in their efforts to implement the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation;17

14. Encourages the United Nations to take special measures to address the

challenges of poverty eradication through debt cancellation, enhanced official

development assistance, increases in flows of foreign direct investment and transfers

of affordable and appropriate technology;

15. Calls upon the United Nations system to accelerate the implementation

of the Plan of Action contained in the document entitled “A world fit for children”,

adopted on 10 May 2002 at the special session of the General Assembly on

children,20 and to provide assistance, as appropriate, to the African Union and its

member States in this regard;

16. Calls upon the United Nations system and the African Union to develop a

coherent and effective strategy, including through joint programmes and activities,

for the promotion and protection of human rights in Africa, within the framework of

the implementation of regional and international treaties, resolutions and plans of

action adopted by the two organizations;

17. Urges the United Nations system to increase its support for Africa in the

implementation of the declaration of the extraordinary summit meeting of the

Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity

on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and other related infectious diseases, held in Abuja in

April 2001,21 and the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS22 so as to arrest the

spread of these diseases, inter alia, through sound capacity-building in human

resources;

_______________

20 See resolution S-27/2.

21 Organization of African Unity, document OAU/SPS/ABUJA/3.

22 Resolution S-26/2, annex.

A/RES/61/296

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18. Also urges the United Nations system to continue to implement

resolution 58/149 of 22 December 2003 on assistance to refugees, returnees and

displaced persons in Africa, and effectively to support African countries in their

effort to incorporate the problems of refugees into national and regional

development plans;

19. Requests the United Nations system to cooperate with the African Union

and its member States in the implementation of appropriate policies for the

promotion of the culture of democracy, good governance, respect for human rights

and the rule of law, and the strengthening of democratic institutions which will

enhance the popular participation of the peoples of the continent in these issues, in

accordance with the purposes and principles of the Constitutive Act of the African

Union and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development;23

20. Urges the Secretary-General to encourage the United Nations system to

work towards ensuring the effective and equitable representation of African men and

women at senior and policy levels at the respective headquarters of its organizations

and in their regional fields of operation;

21. Calls upon the Secretary-General and the Chairperson of the African

Union Commission, working in collaboration, to review every two years the

progress made in the cooperation between the two organizations, and requests the

Secretary-General to include the results of the review in his next report;

22. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at its

sixty-third session on the implementation of the present resolution.

109th plenary meeting

17 September 2007

_______________

23 A/57/304, annex.


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